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Mega-List: Israel's Crimes and Controversies

Updated on 26 July 2020, Arranged in Chronological Order
All articles cited are from reliable and trustworthy sources (some may be NSFL):
Use this website to read any paywalled site you might encounter in this list.
Major Incidents:
ONE. Assasination of Jacob Israël de Haan (1924), a Dutch-Jewish diplomat, for attempting to make a peace deal with the Emir of Mecca - his plan was a Palestinian state in a Jordanian federation, the Zionists would drop the Balfour declaration and any claim to a state in exchange for unrestricted immigration. He was assassinated when leaving a synagogue by Avraham Tehomi (who admitted to it much later), on the orders of Yitzhak Ben-Zvi, who later became the 2nd President of Israel:
Wiki, Haaretz, 972mag
TWO. King David Hotel Bombing (1946) where right-wing Zionist terrorists attacked a British HQ located within the hotel killing 91 and injuring 46. The leader of the perpetrators, Manachem Begin became the Prime Minister of Israel in 1977:
Wiki, Haaretz
THREE. Deir Yassin Massacre (1948) where 110 villagers were slaughtered, some members of the perpetrators were at a later time, absorbed into the IDF, one even became PM of Israel:
Wiki, Haaretz, Britannica
FOUR. Document from IDF archives (1948) which after translation states:
"In the villages lying between Nahraiya and Tarshiha there are no foreign troops for the time being.The villages are armed and ready for action1. Your orders are to occupy, kill the men2, destroy and burn down the villages of Kabri, Umm al-Faraj and al-Nahr."
[1] Ilan Pappe notes that the villagers had no proper arms, only for hunting purposes and people who served in the police; without Arab troops that were absent they stood no chance [2] In April 1948, the Intelligence of the Hagana defined men as anyone above the age of 10
-Photo taken from IDF Archives 1676\51\12
-Benny Morris, The Birth of the Palestinian refugee problem, 1947-1949, ISBN 0-521-33028-9. P. 133
-Hagana archives, 100\35, dated May 19, 1948
FIVE. Palestinian Exodus "Nakba" (1948) was an expulsion of 700,000 Palestinian Arabs from their Homeland during the war and establishment of Israel in May 1948, these includes testimonies of massacres, rape and looting. During and immediately following the state’s creation, Israel expropriated approximately 4,244,776 acres of Palestinian land.
Haaretz, Haaretz, Atlantic, Vox, TheWallsOfJerusalem
SIX. Assassination of Folke Bernadotte, (1948) UN Mediator for Palestinian Refugees by Israel's Zionist Paramilitary Group, Lehi. The killing was approved by the three-man 'center' of Lehi, one of which, after the assassination, became 7th Prime Minister of Israel (Yitzhak Shamir). No one was convicted for the assassination:
Wiki, Independent, Haaretz, WRMEA
SEVEN. Lavon Affair (1954) a failed false flag operation where Egyptian Jews were recruited by Israeli Military Intelligence to plant bombs inside Egyptian, American, and British-owned civilian targets, their foiled plan was to blame the attacks on the Muslim Brotherhood:
Haaretz, TimesofIsrael, Wiki
EIGHT. Kafr Qasim Massacre (1956) where Israeli Border Police killed 49 Arabs (19 men, 6 women, 23 children, 1 unborn child) returning home from work during a curfew they were unaware of. Those involved in the massacre were found guilty but were pardoned and released from prison in a single year. The highest ranking official prosecuted for the massacre confessed before his death, that the massacre were planned to ethnically cleanse Israeli Arabs from the region, and that his trial was staged to protect Israeli political and military elites, including Prime Minister Ben Gurion, from taking responsibility for the massacre:
Wiki, Haaretz, 972mag, Medium
NINE. Apollo Affair (1965) an incident where 200-600 pounds of highly enriched uranium disappeared from a Nuclear Materials and Equipment Corporation in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Highly suspected to have gone to Israel's Nuclear Program particularly given the visit of Rafi Eitan who was under the guise of a chemist but later revealed as an Israeli spy and who was later involved in the Jonathan Pollard incident:
Wiki, LATimes, Mondoweiss,
Archive of the findings of Roger Mattson, a Physicist who investigated the Incident for the Nuclear Regulatory Commision,
YouTube, 1968 FBI Report, FBI's Declassified Memo PDF
TEN. USS Liberty (1967) where Israel deliberately attacked an American Cargo Vessel killing 34 without any repurcussions:
YouTube, Haaretz, Wiki
EVEVEN. Operation Trojan (1986) according to ex-Mossad agent in his book, Mossad instigated the US bombing of Libya by planting a transmission device and impersonating as the Libyan Govt sending terrorist orders to its embassies around the world. (Story in Page 113-117) (Downloadable PDF File):
Other Side of Deception PDF
TWELVE. Cave of Patriarchs Massacre (1994) Israeli Settler Baruch Goldstein opened fire in Ibrahimi Mosque, killing 29 worshippers and wounding more than 125:
Wiki, JPost
THIRTEEN. Qana Massacre (1996) IDF fired artillery shells at a UN Compound where 800 Lebanese civillians were taking refuge. 106 civillians were killed, 116 injured, 4 Fiji UN forces were also seriously injured:
Wiki, AlAraby, Independent, DailyMotion
FOURTEEN. 2nd Qana Massacre (2006) air-strike carried out by IDF on a building Lebanon during the war. 28 civillians were killed out of which 16 were children. Upon investigation, IDF concluded that there was in fact no rocket launched from Qana on the day of the deadly strike by IDF:
Wiki, BBC, Norman Finkelstein
FIFTEEN. Israeli Mossad posed as CIA agents to recruit terrorists to carry out False Flag Operations against Iran (2007-2008)
Haaretz, ForeignPolicy
SIXTEEN. Four Iranian nuclear scientists were assassinated and another was seriously wounded in an attempted murder between (2010-2012). US officials confirm that Terror Group, MEK was financed, trained, and armed by Israel in killing the nuclear scientists:
NBC, Guardian, Guardian
What is Zionism?
Palestine before Zionism (Pre-1948):
Youtube (1896)
Youtube (1900s)
Youtube (1930s)
Youtube (1946 - Arrival of Illegal Zionist Immigrants)
Divide & Conquer: An interactive map explaining the Israel divide and control of Palestinian Land (2019):
Interactive Map
JIDF: Israeli Government is paying and giving away scholarships to students who fight internet battles and spread propaganda (2013):
BBC, USAToday, Huffington Post
Israel's JIDF Hasbara App (2017):
App on GooglePlay where people defend Israel on Social Platforms to gain points (2019):
Intl Law:
Apartheid Against Palestinians:
Protected Wiki
International Law (Additional Protocol I to the Geneva Conventions of 1949, UN Resolution 37/43) dictates that Palestinians have a legal right to an armed struggle to resist occupation:
Add. Protocol I, Geneva Conventions (PDF), UN Resolution 37/43 (PDF)
Israel's building of settlements in occupied territories such as the West Bank and East Jerusalem are illegal under international law, violating Article 49 of the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949 as well as the Statute of Rome, Art. 8 (2)(b)(viii) which states: "The Occupying Power shall not deport or transfer parts of its own civilian population into the territory it occupies.":
Wiki, UN, International Law on Occupation, Al Jazeera, Amnesty, Amnesty, B'Tselem, YouTube
Israel's destruction of homes in occupied territories such as the West Bank and East Jerusalem are illegal under international law, violating Article 53 of the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949 which states: "Any destruction by the Occupying Power of real or personal property belonging individually or collectively to private persons ... is prohibited, except where such destruction is rendered absolutely necessary by military operations.":
Fourth Geneva Convention (PDF)
Israeli former nuclear technician turned whistleblower was lured to Italy where Mossad drugged and abducted him back to Israel for the trial that was held secretly behind closed doors. He spent 18 years in prison, including more than 11 in solitary confinement. Says he suffered "cruel and barbaric treatment" at the hands of Israeli authorities while imprisoned because he was Christian. After his release in 2004, he was subjected to a broad array of very strict restrictions on his speech and movement (1986):
Wiki, Youtube, NYT, Guardian, CNN, Wired, Telegraph
2nd Intifada, 12 yr old boy shot dead, father severely injured (2000):
CNN, Twitter
Breaking the silence - targeting civilians with grenades and machine guns during the 2nd Intifada (2000):
5 Israelis working for an Israeli Company "Urban Moving Systems" were arrested on 9/11 after being seen photographing and celebrating the attack on the WTC. Owner of the company fled to Israel after the incident. FBI still lists him as a 9/11 suspect but Israel refuses to extradiate him (2001):
9/11 War by Deception, YouTube, Forward, NYT, Haaretz
Netanyahu caught on tape: "America is something that you can easily maneuver and move in the right direction" (2001):
Netanyahu lying during his speech at the US House of Representatives on Saddam Hussiens WMDs which doesn't exist (2002):
Advocating racial purity in Israel, Chinese workers in Israel sign no-sex contract (2003)
Tom Hurndall, a British Peace Activist, was shot in the head by an IDF sniper while he was helping Palestinian children flee from cross-fire in Rafah, Gaza strip. His killer was released from prison 2 years early of his 8-year sentence (2003):
Wiki, BBC, Guardian, Evening Standard
Rachel Corrie, American Activist who was run over by an Israeli bulldozer destroying Palestinian homes in Gaza (2003):
Imgur, BBC
New Zealand imposed diplomatic sanctions on Israel over an incident where 2 Australia-based Israelis, who were allegedly working for Mossad, attempted to fraudulently obtain NZ Passports by claiming the identity of a disabled man. 2 others, Ze'ev Barkan and David Reznick, are believed to have been the 3rd and 4th men involved in the scandal but they managed to leave NZ before being apprehended. NZ PM viewed the incident as "not only utterly unacceptable but also a breach of NZ's sovereignty and international law". The following year, Israeli foreign minister apologized for the incident. (2004)
Wiki, NZHerald
Breaking the Silence, testimonies from IDF Whistleblowers (2004):
Not guilty, IDF Captain who empties his magazine on a 13yr old girl, says he would have done the same if she was 3 yrs old (2005):
Phosphorus and cluster bombs which is illegal under international law heavily used by Israel during the Lebanon war (2006)
Israel celebrates Irgun Hotel Bombing (2006):
Former Israeli Foreign Minister Shlomo Ben Ami: “If I were a Palestinian, I Would Have Rejected Camp David” implying that the Camp David Summit Offer by Ehud Barak in 2000 was unreasonable and designed to be rejected (2006):
Jewish National Fund (a charity) owns 13% of the land in Israel and stipulates that only Jews can buy, mortgage or lease their land. (2007):
Economist, Wiki
Operation 'Cast Lead', estimated 1391 Palestinians killed, 759 to be civillians, 344 children, 110 women 13 Israeli killed, out of which 10 are soldiers (2008-2009):
BBC, Haaretz, Haaretz, Amnesty
Israel admits using White Phosphorus during their military offensive on Gaza (2009):
Palestinian who claimed to be a Jew after a consensual sexual encounter with an Israeli woman jailed for 'Rape By Deception' (2010)
Israeli Organization, Kav La Oved: "Israel owes billions of shekels to Palestinian workers" (2010) (Downloadable PDF File):
KavLaOved PDF
Using Palestinian captives as human shields (2010):
Imgur, Guardian, Haaretz, Haaretz
Gaza Flotilla, Israeli Commandos raid 6 civillians ships carrying humanitarian aid and construction materials, 9 activists were killed, 10 Israeli commandos wounded (2010):
Guardian, CNN
Hashomer, Haganah, Irgun and Lehi which operated against the British Government and Arabs in Palestine used to hide weapons in synagogues, women's rooms and kindergartens. Something Israel criticises Hamas of doing today. (2011):
IDF soldier caught kicking a Palestinian child (2012):
Hierarchy of the Human species according to Eli Ben-Dahan, Israel's former deputy minister of defense: Goyims (Non-Jews) placed below Homosexual Jews (2013):
Israeli Trade Minister: "I've killed alot of Arabs in my life, there's no problem with that" (2013)
IDF soldier posting an Instagram pic of a Palestinian clild in his rifle crosshairs (2013):
Ethiopian Jews injected with contraceptive birth control without their consent (2013):
Haaretz, Independent, Guardian
In 2013, Israel awarded 'Genie Energy', an American Oil and Gas company, rights to drill in Golan Heights (Syrian territory occupied by Israel) despite international opposition. In 2015, Israel claimed a massive discovery of oil in the area, which Israeli officials reportedly believe could supply the country’s oil needs for many years to come. (2013):
Here are the prominent figures in Genie Energy's Board of Advisors:
Jacob Rothschild (British banker of the prominent Rothschild family), Dick Cheney (Ex-Vice president of USA), Rupert Murdoch (Billionaire American Media Mogul), James Woolsey (Ex-CIA Director), Lawrence Summers (Ex-Head of US Treasury), Bill Richardson (Ex-Energy Secretary of USA), Michael Steinhardt (Wall Street Trader, Investor and Hedge Fund Manager)
BusinessInsider, TRTworld, Yahoo Finance
4 boys playing soccer in an open beach bombed by an Israeli warship, a later report in 2018 then revealed that it was two missiles fired from an Israeli armed drone that actually killed the boys (2014):
NYT, Intercept, Haaretz, Independent
Israeli police officers beats up a 15yr old American boy a week after the boy's cousin was killed, no jail time was given to the officers (2014):
BBC, TimesofIsrael
Palestinian boy beaten and burned alive by Israeli settlers (2014):
Guardian, Wiki
Israelis cheering on the Gaza bombing (2014):
Statistics of Palestinian children killed in Operation 'Protective Edge' (2014):
Avraham Shalom (Former Head of Shin Bet) compares Israel's Occupation to Nazi Germany's actions in WW2 towards the Czechs, Poles and Dutch (2014):
Killing Gaza: Documentary on war crimes committed by the Israeli Military, with direct testimonies and evidence from survivors (2014):
IDF beating up a Palestinian man who told them to stop firing tear gas (2015):
Eli Ben-Dahan, Israel's former deputy defense minister: "Homosexual Jews are superior to Gentiles (Non-Jews), a jew always has a higher soul than a gentile, even if he is a homosexual" He also says "To me, they (Palestinians) are like animals, they aren't human" (2015):
Israeli Foreign Minister says disloyal Arabs should be beheaded with an axe (2015):
Israeli Radicals celebrate by stabbing picture of Palestinian baby that was killed in a firebomb attack (2015):
Beitar Jerusalem, the most racist football fanbase in the world (2015):
IDF Soldier assaults and beats up Palestinian Shopkeeper as he was loading boxes (2015):
Former IDF Soldier Ido Gal Razon testifies to murdering people in Gaza (2015):
Israeli racist police officer assaults their own african soldier (2015):
Shir Hever, Israeli Economist: "78% of Palestinian aid money ends up going to Israel" (2015) (Downloadable PDF File):
ShirHever PDF
Brooke Goldstein (Director of the Lawfare Project who has assisted in many lawsuits towards Palestinian activist groups) declared to enthusiastic applause at a meeting of key Israel lobby operatives in New York: “Why are we using the word Palestinian? There’s no such thing as a Palestinian person” (2016)
Many Palestinians including children are detained in Israeli prisons without trial or charges (2016):
Time, Haaretz, 972mag, B'Tselem
Jewish Community Watch: "Israel becoming a safe haven for paedophiles worldwide" (2016):
IDF Soldier throws disabled man out of his wheelchair after he attempts to help a 14yr old who was shot (2016):
IDF throws stun grenade at unarmed Palestinians talking outside their home (2016)
IDF soldier laughs as Palestinian man is crushed at the gate (2016):
IDF killing a 15yr old Palestinian travelling home from a family outing (2016):
Report: Israel's repetitive destruction of EU-funded projects in Palestine (2016):
Former Director of Mossad defends Israel providing aid to Al-Nusra Front (Al-Qaeda's Affiliate) in Syria (2016)
Youtube, WSJ, Haaretz
Israeli Former Defence Minister says ISIS fighters apologizes to Israel after mistakenly launching an attack on IDF. Refused to comment on how they expressed their apology. Have since forgiven ISIS (2017)
Independent, DailySabah
Reports of Torture during custody from Palestinians held imprisoned without charges or trial (2017):
IDF Veteran: "I was the terrorist" (2017):
Israel seizes solar panels donated to Palestinians by the Dutch govt (2017):
Israelis speak candidly about Palestinians to Abby Martin, includes lots of racism (2017):
Gaza: World's Largest Open-Air Prison (2018):
Sentence to 9 Months after killing 2 unarmed Palestinian teens (2018):
972mag, WashingtonPost
Unarmed protestor holding flag shot by live bullets (2018):
Unarmed protester shot in the head during the protest (2018):
IDF assaulting medics and injured protesters (2018):
Abdullah Shamali, was shot while standing and talking with his friends 700 metres away from the fence (2018):
Muhammad Ayoub, 15yr old was shot in the head while running away from the fence (2018):
Mentally disabled man shot in the back of his head as he was walking away (2018):
Elderly man waving a flag and a medic got shot at by a live round (2018):
Shot dead for waving flag (2018):
Medic shot dead by an IDF sniper (2018):
IDF edits video of Palestinian Medic who was shot dead by them to misleadingly show that she was a human shield for Hamas and justify her death (2018):
Independent, BuzzFeed
Canadian Doctor shot by IDF sniper (2018):
Israeli Border police throws stun grenade at a Palestian couple and their infant baby as they were fleeing (2018):
IDF Snipers cheering as they shoot an unarmed Palestinian (2018):
Similar incident, cheering after shooting a Palestinian (2018):
"Nation State" Law gives Jews exclusive rights over Arabs living in Israel (2018):
List of active discriminatory laws in Israel:
Did you know that 97% of drinking water in Gaza (under Israeli control) is contaminated? (2018):
IDF Soldiers shooting tear gas into a Palestinian school (2018):
Israeli settlers beating up Palestinian farmer in front of his children (2018):
Former Chairman of Israel Labour Party says relationships between Jews and Non-Jews are "an actual plague" (2018):
4 year old child dies 4 days after being shot by the IDF while protesting (2018):
Reuters, PressTV
An alternative view, Palestinian Christians on Israel (2018):
Chief Rabbi calls black people "monkeys" in his weekly sermon (2018):
Israel's Supreme Court rejects legal challenge on the military's rule where soldiers can fire on UNARMED protesters (2018):
Mohammed Tamimi, 16, who was shot in the head by Israeli forces held in prison for 2 days without explanation (2018):
Haaretz, Haaretz
Most demonstrators shot by the IDF with live rounds are unarmed and not in immediate vicinity of the perimeter fence (2018):
IDF edited out key footage of Gaza missile strike which killed 2 Palestinian teenagers (2018):
Youtube, 972mag, B'Tselem
Multi Award-winning short documentary on the occupation of Gaza (2018):
What if your whole family was being forcefully evicted from a home you lived in since 1948 to make way for new settlers? (2019)
Palestinian Boy on the way to school shot in the head by Israeli Police (2019):
Video of war crimes screened at UN Human Rights Council (2019):
Top Rabbis in Israel defending and calling for donations to an Israeli charged with killing a Palestinian woman (2019):
Haaretz, Haaretz
Israeli Settlers attack Palestinian Mother and her son (2019):
IDF Harrasses ambulance crew and demands for their key (with sound) (2019):
"Israel is the nation state of Jews alone" Netanyahu responds to TV star saying Arabs are equal citizens (2019):
Arresting children in school, IDF threatened breaking the teacher's arm if he doesn't let go of his student (2019):
IDF Soldiers laughing as they assault a Palestinian Father and Son handcuffed while in custody (2019):
i24News, Haaretz
submitted by invalidusermyass to list_palestine [link] [comments]

/u/screwmywifeplease I see your Brown Trash of Oceania Birthday Posts and I raise you my Brown Trash of Oceania Shitholians debate IMMERGRATION

IrritateYouWithFacts -9 points 17 hours ago* I would be surprised if Australians don't get butthurt if they were in the same situation as Singapore, having 46% the population made up of foreigners. The foreign born population of Australia is only 29% and spread over a huge amount of land. Having 46% of the entire country made up of foreigners which is just a tiny city state is unheard of.
edit: downvotes do not change the facts. I've linked sources below. Foreign born can be citizens or PR too which is why the reply below is wrong. Not surprising though since johnjoe1985 is from India and wants to portray an image that is beneficial for his/herself. Even /singapore has a huge foreign population and tries to sway public opinion in their favor.
According to the United Nations’ dataset on international migrant stock (UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, 2015), in 2015, the total number of foreign-born population in Singapore was 2,543,638, or 46 % of the total population.
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johndoe1985 6 points 12 hours ago The 46% is not right
According to government census https://www.population.sg/population-trends/demographics
Foreigners is 29% of the population
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IrritateYouWithFacts 6 points 8 hours ago* I wish that was true but unfortunately, your 29% figure is referring to non-residents whereas I'm referring to the foreign born population, of which it is 46%. PR and Citizenship was given out like free toilet paper just a few years ago so a lot of these foreign born population are now included in the "Citizens" and "PR" categories(refer to the edit below which I linked a source from the 2010 census showing that 22.8% of Citizens and PRs are foreign born), leaving the remainder of the foreign born population at 29%. In total, the foreign born population is 46% of Singapore's entire population.
Here's the paper on it.
According to the United Nations’ dataset on international migrant stock (UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, 2015), in 2015, the total number of foreign-born population in Singapore was 2,543,638, or 46 % of the total population.
And this is in 2015. From 2015 to 2018 alone, there was an increase of 90,000 new citizens.
Source: https://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/total-population-564m-with-number-of-citizens-up-1-to-347m
Most of the time you wouldn't see any clear pie charts from 154th or population.sg or singstats about the foreign born population. It looks too much. It can be calculated and the numbers are all there in detailed papers but they would never present it outright in a nice clear pie chart for all to see. They will always present by showing Citizens, PR and non-residents only.
In the 2010 census, 22.8% of the resident population (Singaporeans and PR) are foreign born. Combining these foreign born residents with the non-residents population already made up 42.9% in 2010. It is now 46%.
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theronzz 2 points 9 hours ago username should be "IrritateYouWithIgnorance"
The foreign born population of Australia is only 29% and spread over a huge amount of land.
That's not true. The immigrants tend to settle near the big cities. Not to mention you have entire suburbs that are predominantly Chinese or Vietnamese.
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IrritateYouWithFacts 6 points 8 hours ago* The immigrants settle in the cities(note the plural) and the locals are free to move into the suburbs with little foreigners (and they like to do that). Singaporeans moving from Tampines to Jurong is the same thing. It's all in THE city in Singapore. There aren't other cities for Singaporeans to move to or any suburbs. It's just a tiny city state which is the entire country. Australians cities are also nowhere nearly as densely packed as Singapore.
This city, Brisbane, is 33.2% foreign born while Singapore is 46% foreign born. Brisbane is 15,842 km2 while Singapore is 722.5 km2. So even with a smaller percentage of foreign born people in Brisbane than Singapore, they are also spread out over a huge area, simply because the SIZE OF THE CITY is VERY different. Simply saying "city" is dishonest. Brisbane is 21.92 times bigger than Singapore. The population of Brisbane is 2,462,637 while for Singapore, it's 5,638,700. Population density of Brisbane is 155/km2. 155! Singapore's population density is 7,804/km2. This means that Singapore is 50.34 times more dense than Brisbane and has a higher percentage of foreign born population than Singapore. Note that since you've talked about cities, I've compared Singapore and Brisbane, city to city to make a fair comparison. It actually makes your argument even worse. The city of Brisbane itself spreads the foreign born population a lot more well than in Singapore. Not to mention that a huge part for those foreign born are from the UK which is similar to their local culture in many ways and are at a similar level of development.
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bruindkewestside, bestside 0 points 7 hours ago You're being downvoted because you're spewing nonsense, simpleminded hogwash with zero critical thinking. It's not "facts."
Firstly, there are really only three modern city-states: Singapore, Monaco, and Vatican City. Of the three, Singapore is the only world-city. So of course, it's "unheard of," but either you're being deliberately intellectually dishonest or you're ignorant.
No mention of Qatar (88% foreigners), Kuwait (70% foreigners), Bahrain (more than 50% foreigners)... No word on Brunei, Hong Kong... The list goes on. And your post makes no attempt to compare to other world cities where the number of foreigners are comparable to Singapore, if not higher.
And finally, it's not enough that they're citizens? Suddenly, you're discounting foreign-born citizens? They're less of a Singaporean than you are? Fuck out of here with your bullshit. Citizens are citizens. Period.
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IrritateYouWithFacts 6 points 6 hours ago* Firstly, there are really only three modern city-states: Singapore, Monaco, and Vatican City. Of the three, Singapore is the only world-city. So of course, it's "unheard of," but either you're being deliberately intellectually dishonest or you're ignorant.
That doesn't change that it's unheard of. It is what it is. Singapore IS a city state and no city state has that kind of foreign population. The intellectually dishonest part is actually the person that started to compare Australia with Singapore BECAUSE Australia isn't a city state to begin with which makes the comparison simpleminded hogwash with zero critical thinking.
No mention of Qatar (88% foreigners), Kuwait (70% foreigners), Bahrain (more than 50% foreigners)... No word on Brunei, Hong Kong... The list goes on.
Sure, those are the kinds of countries that Singapore aspires to become. /s
And your post makes no attempt to compare to other world cities where the number of foreigners are comparable to Singapore, if not higher.
It's not hard. I already know my numbers. Do you?
NYC, LA, Sydney, Vancouver, Melbourne have a lower percentage of foreign born population than Singapore
Sydney is the highest in Australia but it is still lower than Singapore. Refer to my other post about the size of the Australian city vs Singapore and compare their population densities.
And finally, it's not enough that they're citizens? Suddenly, you're discounting foreign-born citizens? They're less of a Singaporean than you are? Fuck out of here with your bullshit. Citizens are citizens. Period.
Yes, which is why there is such a technical term called foreign born with UN indicators and wikipedia articles on the foreign born people in a country. People do not simply assimilate the moment they get their pink IC in the blink of an eye. Citizenship was given out liberally in the last decade to increase the total population. But what can I expect from a person who resorts to ad hominem the moment your views gets challenged. Your assumption that them being citizens equate to being "enough" simply means that you assume that everything that the Singapore govt doing is correct and you'll blindly accept all of their policies instead of questioning if the govt is doing the right thing for its native citizens.
Citizens are citizens. Period.
Oh they are not, even according to the Singapore govt because they do make a distinction when they make a census report. It is also why it's common to have a field called "place of birth" in many official govt forms around the world.
But then again, you're a foreigner and so are many others in this sub so I'm not surprised that you'll be willing to ignore facts.
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mrpakalupapito007sinkiepwnsinkie 1 point 6 hours ago You're actually good at substantiating your views and claims. Thanks for pointing out the hive mind of Reddit, now we know even with clear evidence, there exist ideologues who breakdown into ad hominem accusations once hit with the truth so hard.
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IrritateYouWithFacts 4 points 6 hours ago I will be labelled xEnOpHoBic for citing stats from the Singapore government.
Singapore is perhaps one of the LEAST xenophobic in the world and are very foreigner friendly. I absolutely want to vomit when I see people saying that Singaporeans are xenophobic when 46% is foreign born with almost no hate crimes committed against them. Even NYC, LA, Sydney, Vancouver, Melbourne have a lower percentage of foreign born population than Singapore and they aren't city states coupled with the fact they these cities are individually far larger than the entire Singapore.
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bruindkewestside, bestside 0 points 6 hours ago Okay, I concede I didn't quite set the right tone for any real discussion. I apologize for approaching you like that. My parents are immigrants in the country I'm from, and I am a foreigner here. It touches a sensitive spot. It's something you might never have to experience. Maybe you have. I don't know your story. But either way, the internet is hostile and terrible enough without me adding to that silliness. I come from a city where 40% are foreign born. Whoever is a citizen (personally to me) is a citizen, period. I don't make instant assimilation a criterion for a healthy society. I can respect your decision not to agree with that.
I sat back and thought what you said. If we're talking about the general public, yeah, a good section of the Australia would definitely be butt-hurt about foreigners celebrating their national day. The government might not outright prevent people from celebrating, but the xenophobic (in the descriptive, and not pejorative, sense) sentiments would still be there. Hell, I bet there were plenty of Australians who were bothered, or would have been bothered, after seeing that display. I know there are Americans who would throw a fit about foreigners celebrating anything not American.
I realized I conflated your argument with "immigrants are destroying Singapore." Which was wrong of me. Whether those policies are good or bad for Singapore is a whole different argument. I concede this loss.
permalinkembedsaveparentreportgive awardreply IrritateYouWithFacts 1 point 4 hours ago* come from a city where 40% are foreign born.
LA is 37.7% foreign born and please, the speed is totally different. First of all LA is MUCH larger and has a lower population density than Singapore. The scarcity of an American green card is different from a Pink IC. Pink ICs have been given out far more liberally in the last decade. They are not comparable. Nobody expects full assimilation immediately but the speed is crucial. There needs to be time to transition at a comfortable pace. How many foreigners understand the immense change in Singapore between 2007 and 2017? It's absolutely staggering.
Just look at what LKY said in the 1970s.
When 46% of the population is foreign born, the locals get assimilated into the foreign population as well. For an immigrant city like LA, it's ok. You want talents from all over the world to arrive at LA to contribute. No problem because it's just a single city among the many American cities. It doesn't change the American identity. Singapore is different. Singapore is just a city state. The Singaporean identity has eroded (or changed if you want to be politically correct) dramatically in just the last 10 years.
In the end, he handled it well. The foreign workers in the 70s and 80s integrated into Singapore well and both the workers and Singaporeans benefited. The current immigration policies do not mirror that of the past. It was done at an insane speed and even infrastructure was pushed to the absolute limit. From 2005 to 2009 alone, about 310,000 new PRs were issued. Now think about 310,000 divided the total labour force of Singapore. That's just 5 years. This is not even including the non-resident population which is even larger.
20,153 immigrants became citizens in 2008, continuing an upward trend from 17,334 in 2007; 13,200 in 2006; 12,900 in 2005; and 7,600 in 2004. In 2009 however, the number of new citizens fell slightly to 19,928. This slump was also mirrored in the annual uptake of permanent residency, which more than doubled from 36,900 in 2004 to 79,167 in 2008 but suffered a decrease to 59,460 in 2009. Sharper declines were recorded for both citizenship and permanent residency in 2010, ahead of the May 2011 general elections
Without a nuanced understanding of this, there's no way that the new foreigners, PRs and new Citizens could make a valid comparison out of this. There's no way that an informed Singaporean will accept the comparison of Australia as a whole or Brisbane with Singapore, pretend that they are comparable in any way, and accept that Singaporeans are simply xenophonic butthurt people who can't accept foreigners celebrating their national day in Singapore. This is completely wrong. Singapore as a city state has accepted foreigners like no other has ever done before. Even if you include cities in general, only Miami and Toronto have a slightly larger foreign born population and they are in large countries with multiple cities. All other popular global cities have a lower percentage of foreign born population than Singapore. The least the foreigners could do is to give credit where credit is due. Instead, we are often being called xenophobic, even for pointing out facts and figures direct from the government census. That's pure rubbish. And then I still have to take it when an immigrant tells me to "Fuck out of here with your bullshit"? Even when I am the one calmly and politely making the logical comparisons, providing the facts and official figures, and have not resorted to personal insults and vulgarities. Yeah foreigners 万岁.
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bruindkewestside, bestside 1 point 3 hours ago I'm sorry, but you are spreading xenophobia. You might give whatever justification you want, rational or otherwise, but call it what it is. And don't presume I don't have a nuanced take on it. Yeah. I shouldn't have been so hostile and aggressive, but don't presume I know nothing about this subject matter.
Firstly, Singapore is an immigrant city. Top talents all over the world DO come here to contribute, and Singapore has benefited immensely from it. Its history is as intimately tied to immigration as the US is. And American identity certainly has been changed with the influx of new immigrants. You might understand Singapore, but you have a poor understanding of the United States. Assimilation takes a generation in Los Angeles, sometimes longer. You will find yourselves in entire LA districts where English won't get you anywhere.
Frankly speaking, I feel you are the one without a nuanced take on it. All you see is: "small city-state, too many foreigners, foreigners bad." Singapore definitely has earned its place as one of the most welcoming countries and city-states in the world. But it isn't the only one. Yeah, Singapore does have the unique pressures of being a city-state where its citizens can't freely resettle in a different place, but many world cities behave that way. There aren't the same kinds of jobs or amenities available living in a suburb or a satellite city three hours away. Definitely you have a point that legally, at least the option to move is there. But the practicalities of simply packing up your things and moving to Seattle or Austin isn't that much easier for Americans vis-a-vis Singaporeans. Also, on top of the number of foreigners with legal permits living in LA, massive amounts of people from other US states come to Los Angeles, along with the hundreds of thousands of undocumented immigrants. All to a city with infrastructure older than Singapore itself. Singapore also has the added benefit of easier administration being a single-party city-state with more control over its policies than most other cities in the world.
You can think of me as the ungrateful foreigner with the gall to speak back to a Singaporean citizen. It seems like you're not willing to accept my olive branch and separate amicably. That's alright. I know my relationship with this country. And I meaningfully contributed in a lot of ways. I am always the first to extol Singapore's virtues, and I jealously help guard Singapore's identity and independence. Because there is great value in it. I've done so in SG and in many other forums, and I've done so professionally over the years. This will be the last reply on this thread because I feel like I've adequately expressed my stance on this issue and clearly we're not going to change either of our minds over this.
submitted by westendhomocakes to BneStrong [link] [comments]

[IDEA] Discussion on what it would take to turn Rugby in USA into a legit sport...

America has real potential to make Rugby a significant and serious sport in this country. Maybe even a potential to become #1. It's a long shot, but I think these few steps can turn a Pro Rugby Association mainstream.
I think cable is on its dying breath. While the masses are still holding onto their cable contract, I bet most of them would leave it if they could watch their local sports elsewhere. Established leagues will not make that jump, but a new league could. Especially rugby.
I suggest making a deal with YouTube and Facebook where ALL LIVE games would be shown in HD to anyone who is signed-in. Relative sponsors will help the loss in TV revenue. You can have spaces for BIG, MEDIUM and SMALL ad spaces/times. Shown Pre-Game, Half-Time and Post Game. Sometimes the most paid ads can also pop up, with a special mention from the commentator, for a premium price. I believe the best thing to do is aim for relative ads that relate to the viewer. Work with companies like Amazon, Uber and Nike. Also Onnit, RugbyShop.Com and Rogue Fitness.
You just need internet, a facebook or a gmail account. You can have discussions in the comments section and allow people to watch an edited version of the game with a bit more ads, at any time.
Become a exclusive member of the Association in which you pay $20/month and get these extras:
(3) RUGBY 7's While the main idea of the Association is to create a strong 15's union, I think a good boost would come from creating the first ever Pro 7s league as well. A sub-league within our league. Each club that holds a 15's organization must also create a 7's team, made up of players on their roster.
The season can occur during the summer, after Rugby 7's Tour and during the 15's off-season.
There can be 4-weeks of play. Each week is 1 or 2 days of 7's hosted at different arenas already created for 15's.
The winner of each week will be granted a trophy of some kind. Or maybe to be unique, have it be a "special" gift created by the host that they honor the winner with.
Your rankings in each week will tally up. The most points at the end of the season will have that team be CHAMPIONS. Champions earn a giant trophy for their club.
Imagine seeing the likes of Fiji 7s players coming to America to play for an additional salary? Imagine folks from NZ, Australia and even guys like Baker playing in a pro league? I love it.
Just more 7s.
Same streaming options. Or similar.
(4) TEAMS/CITIES/SCHEDULE 15's: There will be a FALL season and a SPRING season in EVERY competitive season. Wins = 3 Points Loss = 0 Points Draw = 1 Point
I would like for: 16 Weeks. 14 Games. 2 Byes. Fall/Spring would have 7 games, 1 bye. A Winter and Summer Break. 14 teams, no divisions, everyone plays each other once with home/away altering every year.
Might have to start with 8 teams. Each team plays each other twice.
The Fall Season will coexist with the NFL. The Spring Season will occur shortly after the Super Bowl.
The games will be held on Friday Nights, Saturday Afternoon and Saturday Nights. Avoiding all NFL games as best as possible - though we will heavily market towards true rugby players, fans, immigrants, young millennials and people who have no cable or who want to get rid of it.
The Best Record earns the Association's SHIELD. The top 4 seeds will go to playoffs. The Champion of Playoffs will earn the SWORD. A team has a chance to win both SWORD and SHIELD.
The Championship game will be on a day marketed as Rugby Day in America. I see it now: Wake up in the morning and we have worked out a deal for our followers to watch a full live game of Super Rugby. Afterwards you can tune into a short series of documentaries exploring the history of the sport in America. In between there will be interviews and live looks in for the 2 teams competing on the finals. Mid-Afternoon Weekend Game, and afterwards you can watch the celebration and the league's award ceremony.
The teams chosen are the one's who can afford it. Whether that is an existing club with sponsors, or a combination of existing clubs joining forces. I am not sure if I care in the initial years if the arenas are dedicated to Rugby. I rather have a franchise in New York play out of a football area or soccer arena, rather than wait for them to build a dedicated "stadium".
Here are 8 cities/areas I wish jump on the train: (1) New York City (2) Boston (3) Denver (4) Ohio (5) Texas (6) Northern Cali (7) Southern Cali (8) Seattle
Travel is a mess for the league with these 8 teams, but these are some of the best areas for Rugby in the country. Luckily, it's only 1 game per week and not every week a team travels. And the games are on the weekends.
More teams would allow for Regional Play. Maybe one day have a 32 team B-League within regions... and the best in each region have a shot at being promoted? Idk yet.
Championship Games are held at best record of the 2 teams.
Rules will follow Union International. 7's will be the same teams that will also have to afford a sub team that plays during the summer.
Salary cap will be provided, no draft is necessary, and teams will be left to create their own rosters in regards to salary cap rules.
I mean, it's going to be pretty lame section but I would pretty much hire Vayner Media to do all of this work. They are experts in what I am saying.
Pretty much we will be documenting EVERYTHING in regards to the game and it's experience. We will set up connections with all social media platforms and use everything we create, to edit and put together daily inspirational, motivational, entertaining, educational, comedic videos on bigger platforms like Youtube Channel.
I don't think the new Rugby leagues even came close to trying this.
I would make sure EVERYONE in America who is: - A rugby fan/player - A football fan/player - A sports fan / athlete without cable - A millennial
will be targeted.
I will make sure they KNOW that this is a league in which we offer free games to watch on your phone. And we will make sure you get a notification that the game is on. Not like other leagues Ive tried to get into.
We want it to be dummy proof.
And the first thing i would do is work with a team to create a documentary of Rugby in America on Netflix, which explains what our league is designed to do. and the future of sports entertainment.
submitted by TheSensation19 to rugbyunion [link] [comments]

Izumi3682 Archives

Fusion Energy in the 21st Century: Status and the Way Forward by izumi3682 in Futurology

[–]izumi3682[S] 3 points 16 days ago
Important point.
“It’s great that there are more private entities supporting innovation. Perhaps we are at the level of technology now where start-ups can compete with national labs and agencies, as they seem to be in space travel,”
Exactly. I prophesy that a start-up will produce commercially viable fusion energy in less than 15 years. Maybe closer to ten.
I imagine our technological advances across the board are going to be pretty amazing come 2028 if just these last three years are anything to judge things by. The ITER which was a worthy concept in the year 2013 is based on the best science and technology the 20th century could devise. But 21st century technology is going to just straight up transcend the concept of the ITER.
I see the 21st century supercomputing enabled Wendelstein "stellarator" as proof of concept that the start-ups will succeed well before the ITER goes into full operation. Yes, I understand the W7-X is merely proof of concept in its own right and not even intended for commercial fusion. But it shows the new ways we are thinking.
ITER is also a failure to think exponentially. It is in essence, the mindset of generals always fighting the last (previous) war.
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Elon Musk just announced that SpaceX will livestream its 2023 moon mission in virtual reality, in real time by [deleted] in Futurology

[–]izumi3682 1 point 16 days ago
That's a technological lifetime from today, but cool! It'll look pretty awesome I bet.
I still want to see a tornado chase in 360 degree VR. A big scary close up one too. Not a skinny little thing that you can hardly see moving because of distance parallax, 2 counties over.
Something in 4K 3D VR that looks like this.
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A.I. and robotics will create almost 60 million more jobs than they destroy by 2022, report says by izumi3682 in Futurology

[–]izumi3682[S] 1 point 16 days ago
Oh, 600 years? I'm terrible at math sorry. I mean like math challenged. And I fault myself for being too lazy to check with a calculator. 600 years I meant. Oh no wonder I could not find reference to the Manchu conquest. Yeah that was not an issue during the Ming period of the Treasure voyages.
Some of these treasure ship sea routes are very substantially in open water far removed from coasts. They well had the technical and knowledge capability to traverse the Pacific ocean.
Sailing along the coast is not remotely similar to crossing the Atlantic from the point that Columbus crossed it. He was damn lucky the Western Hemisphere was in the way of the route to Asia. Because they were voyaging absolutely blind. My point being that the Chinese could have done the same. It just occurred to me that nobody knew about Australia then either. Ok, the human aboriginals living on that continent, "knew" about Australia, but you know what I mean. But their (Chinese) society changed. Forever, right up until about 20 years ago. And look how far they have come in just ten years now.
It's not just Tesla. It's everybody. It's Volvo, it's Toyota, it's BMW, it's GM, it's Ford, it's Jaguar, it's motorcycles--which by the way I think are going to go extinct on public thoroughfares. It's the way of the future. And I stick to my guns on how things are gonna start phase changing by 2022. I forget who all is working on trucks, but trucks too. Oh and Apple and Google too. Plus tons of small start-ups everywhere. Vehicles like everything else are turning into ARA.
What was wrong with my figure of 8 million USA citizens trucking or ancillary to trucking. I'm referring to relatively stable full time well paying and benefits occupations. I was not including Uber. I just commented on Uber because you raised that point. But as far as Uber and humans is concerned--ten years, human driven taxis? Gone.
I said this.
And being a physician is going to be deskilled to the point that drs will be you plus the ARA. This is already happening as well.
The ARA (AI, robotics and automation) is already making tremendous advances in imaging diagnosis. I see new breakthroughs each month. Sometimes each week. If you truly believe that ARA is not going to replace human physicians in surgery for example, you are in denial.
It's gonna go like this. Physicians using ARA for surgery. Development of ARA to do surgery. This is already concurrently ongoing. Physicians overseeing ARA doing surgery. Development of ARA to oversee surgery. Humans removed from loop. And on top of that, surgery itself is not in a vacuum. There are myriad other developments occurring that may obviate the need for surgery at all. I would bet that by 2030 people will be astonished that we used to cut people open to fix things. I bet the last human drs to go will be emergency medicine and plastic surgery. Plastic surgery because the dr must satisfy a subjective aesthetic desire. That might be a tough nut for AI to crack.
Medicine will over the next couple of decades evolve ever more into information science. At the genetic/molecular level.
You just watch what ARA achieves in the next 5 years. I've seen what it has done in just the last three years. What is coming is almost beyond human belief.
The point of my original post comment was, how shall humanity fare when most humans no longer work? This in about 20 years. In ten years, a critical threshold of USA citizens will not be working because of ARA. How shall they manage? Well except for me. I'll probably still be doing damn xrays when I'm 68.
If it seems like everything is advancing unbelievably fast all of a sudden, it is. I place the beginning of the ARA revolution at the year 2015. And that was only because the computing speed and capacity, to include the use of the GPU, reached a necessary threshold it's ownself.
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Why giving human voices to AI assistants is an ethical nightmare by izumi3682 in Futurology

[–]izumi3682[S] 1 point 16 days ago
I'd want Morgan Freeman's reassuring voice. Then I would feel reassured.
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A.I. and robotics will create almost 60 million more jobs than they destroy by 2022, report says by izumi3682 in Futurology

[–]izumi3682[S] 1 point 16 days ago
I like saying ARA. Well I mean writing it. Cuz if you say them out loud they pretty much sound the same it looks like. Imma make it a new written word in the English language like that Irish guy that made "quiz" a new word in the English language on a bet.
So maybe it looks like I might be the first real, not hoax, person to make "ARA" a universal word. Then everybody will be like, that izumi can get things done.
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India Ahead of US and Japan in Automation & AI Adoption: Study by izumi3682 in Futurology

[–]izumi3682[S] 2 points 16 days ago
I just talked about India yesterday. India is a very unusual and interesting case. While most of India is basically a third world, there are about 12 "city-states" where the technology, I agree, is tremendously advanced.
I wonder that those "city-states" will not in some way transcend what we think of technology and technological advancement. A phenomenon that has never existed in modern human society in at least the last 100 years.
I applaud the Indian "city-state" and hope that the resultant technology can lift all of India to a comfortable and affluent life. But at 1.2 billion humans, it's a pretty tall order today though.
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Robots to create millions of jobs, but these ‘safe’ careers could be hit hard by izumi3682 in Futurology

[–]izumi3682[S] -1 points 16 days ago
Think of the difference between today and ten years ago. How much was ARA (AI, robotics and automation) impacting us? I think there is a very good reason why we are seeing these kinds of headlines today.
We have reached a critical threshold in our ARA efforts. One that already is directly impacting humans everywhere. If we ever do have another "AI winter" from this point, what on earth is going to be on the other side of it? And assuming we hit some kind of intractable problem, how much of a reprieve for us. Five years? Ten?
I am not iamverysmart, but I can see what is happening. I won't link my observations, but I certainly have the capability to discuss my reasoning with you. Message me if you want to discuss.
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A.I. Is About to Start Writing Its Own Fake News And Soon It'll Be Impossible To Tell What's True by izumi3682 in Futurology

[–]izumi3682[S] 6 points 16 days ago
Humans are so easy to fool. OMG, we don't have a chance. We wanted to fly like birds--now we fly jets at mach 9.6. We wanted to ride faster than the horse--now we routinely cruise down the highway at 80 mph.
We want to emulate the human brain. But the emulation will be no more like the human brain than the bird is like the jet or the horse is like the truck.
This is merely one little facet. We won't know what hit us.
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Reimagining of Schrödinger’s cat breaks quantum mechanics — and stumps physicists. In a multi-‘cat’ experiment, the textbook interpretation of quantum theory seems to lead to contradictory pictures of reality, physicists claim. by izumi3682 in Futurology

[–]izumi3682[S] 1 point 16 days ago
One of the things that is going to happen time going forward is that we shall gain increased and fuller understanding of what makes reality reality. I bet that in the next 50 years we discover some things that will utterly floor us. But these things are necessary to be able to exploit the same for our purposes of advancement as a, well "species" may not ultimately be the right word. Let's just say our sentience.
In the next 100 years I suspect we shall learn how to effectively discard our biology. Now you may say; "Now see here! This is not what humans want!" And 2018 me would be likely to agree with you.
But pull back your perspective, far away from the Earth. Realize that what is occurring is the universe (our portion of the multiverse) "waking up". And further, everybody else on any other worlds is more than likely developing towards the same thing, because physics is the same probably everywhere in the observable universe. And physics is what leads the way to fuller understanding of the universe at large. Technology is probably a common side effect.
Unless we blow ourselves to kingdom come in the next 20 years. Then just never mind. :P
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A.I. and robotics will create almost 60 million more jobs than they destroy by 2022, report says by izumi3682 in Futurology

[–]izumi3682[S] 1 point 16 days ago
Ah, so it was your own made up term..
Well... not precisely. I cleaned up something I saw earlier. Now then, if you see ARA pop up in media in the future--that was me! lol!
Interestingly I did not get that acronym from the following. I found this by accident just today!
The current language when talking about Artificial Intelligence, Robots and Automation – (what we can name the ‘AIRA’ technologies),
I got it from the USA government report on AI, robotics, automation and the US economy.
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A.I. and robotics will create almost 60 million more jobs than they destroy by 2022, report says by izumi3682 in Futurology

[–]izumi3682[S] 1 point 16 days ago
Where are they?
You will see them next year. 2019. Everywhere. By 2022 people everywhere will be ditching their manually driven ICE personally owned vehicles for the dream life of a low cost subscription. No insurance, no maintenance. Mark my words. A lot of people will have the wealth to purchase, but most will choose to forego personal ownership for the convenience and low cost of the subscription.
uber driver, are low pay with no benefits.
A job is a job. A gig is a gig. Low pay, no benefit jobs are an unpleasant fact of life in the USA now. You just have to work a bunch of them to make your ends meet is all. It's a tough life, you know?
What I also did not mention is the official unemployment report only reports those currently receiving unemployment insurance. People that have simply given up are not a part of the official roll. And that number of "discouraged" is substantial. Personally, I wonder what happens to them. They are no longer receiving unemployment insurance. How do they manage to fare?
I did not say robot doctors today. I said that slowly, but surely AI is de-skilling essential doctor functions, particularly in regard to imaging and diagnosis. The de Vinci surgical robotic assistant also has a recording function for innumerable metrics and is compiling data on what the human surgeon is doing. The point of that is to enable AI developers to make the device ultimately autonomous. Have you seen the footage of the ARA (AI, robotics and automation) device perfectly and precisely suturing that grape? Yeah in ten years, not all surgeons will be human. And in 20 years? Man, it's gonna be a whole 'nother world.
The treasure voyages of the Ming Dynasty were halted by a wrong-headed, but utterly supreme emperor. I said nothing about dominating anybody. I was referring to the very good chance that the voyages could have reached the west coasts of North, Central and South America. The Pacific ocean is large, but humans are smart.
The Hongxi Emperor was fiercely against the treasure voyages throughout his reign.[81] After the advice of Xia Yuanji, he ordered the cessation of the treasure voyages on 7 September 1424, the day of his accession to the throne.[95] On 8 September 1424, he released Xia Yuanji from his imprisonment.[98] However, the succeeding Xuande Emperor ordered Admiral Zheng He to command the fleet for the seventh voyage.[105] This was after the death of Xia Yuanji on 19 February 1430, thus it can be argued that an important obstacle disappeared after his death.[180] The Xuande Emperor went against the general court opinion when he ordered the seventh voyage.[112]
After 1433, the civil officials succeeded in halting subsequent maritime expeditions.[168] The ships were left to rot, while their lumber was sold for fuel in Nanjing.[168] The mariners were reassigned to load grain on barges of the Grand Canal and to build the emperor's mausoleum.[168] After the voyages, subsequent Ming emperors would reject the Yongle Emperor's policy of bringing maritime trade into the structure of the tributary system.[142]
Bear in mind that this was nearly 70 years before the Spaniards were present in the Western Hemisphere. The Europeans were doing the exact same thing the Chinese were doing. Mucking about Africa and the Indian Ocean. There were no Europeans to dominate yet. I don't know how the Chinese would have interacted with the aboriginal peoples to include possible pacific island "discoveries".
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Audi: Autonomous cars alone won’t solve traffic jams by izumi3682 in Futurology

[–]izumi3682[S] 1 point 16 days ago
No. This.
Probably better you are engaged in your screen or VR. The future of E-SDVs is not something mentally healthy for humans to look out the vehicle windows to see. Well at least the current generation. Going forward the new generation will accept it as a given. Think of sticking a horse riding human from 1900 into a passenger seat in a car on the freeway today. Same sort of bad for mental health thing.
But you know something. None of this happens in a vacuum. In about ten years I bet people no longer need to drive so much. Plus you will be sleeping or gaming or social media um, ing.
This is the way the pre-singularity unfolds. Then in about 20 years, it's just gonna be a world we can't properly imagine today.
But the ARA (AI, robotics and automation) is going to change everything everywhere. E-SDVs are but a facet of it. Just wait til they roll out the E-SFVs. Yes, they are in the works as well. Over the next two years they will get a much higher profile.
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'Accessory To War' An Uncomfortable Wake-Up Call For Some by izumi3682 in Futurology

[–]izumi3682[S] 1 point 17 days ago
Well the thing about India is, and this differs greatly from China (PRC), is that apart from about 12 "tech-hub" city-states, India suffers from many of the classic problems of being a third world country. Despite it's centralized government, it is politically disorganized and the central government has little power aside from the city-states. Also despite the extraordinary beauty of India and it's people, it's advance is substantially inhibited because of dissension from cultural and religious issues. When you are not actually in a city-state, you have to be very careful. The majority of India is unfortunately a most untechnological, medieval thinking, filthy (as in unhygienic) backwater.
Having said that, when Indian nationals leave India and adopt other countries as homes, they invariably intellectually outshine the adopted countries best intellects! That's an odd phenomena and it makes me wonder why Indians in India are unable to achieve this. There are exceptions to that rule, but the fact remains.
Yes, I understand that India is making notable strides forward in its thinking. The removing of the so-called dalit or untouchable status, well officially anyways, is a step in the right direction. But there still exists cultural and tribal manners such as widespread misogynistic gender oppression that it will be decades before such a populous country as India can be considered alongside the USA and China (PRC).
China for it's part is a deadly, monolithic absolutely stable human rights oppressing entity. China (PRC) executes nearly a thousand people every year. Far and away more than all the other capital punishment countries on Earth combined. They don't play around. India is probably a nicer place than China (PRC) in that respect, but China (PRC) is all on the same page. And that matters for universal technological advancement. I bet China PRC) is the ascending country that could potentially eclipse the USA technologically. This until the ARA (AI, robotics and automation) pretty much takes over everything around 2030 or so.
More things I have written about China (PRC) if you are interested.
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A Paleontologist Explains Why Digitizing Museums Will Help Uncover the Past by izumi3682 in Futurology

[–]izumi3682[S] 2 points 17 days ago
Here is some terrific examples of our early stages of digitizing things. In fact this linked source can be used with the Oculus Rift. The last time I tried it however--about a year ago--the tools for manipulation of views was very limited.
But you can see what is coming. This site works awesome on a mobile. At least on my iphone x it does.
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'Accessory To War' An Uncomfortable Wake-Up Call For Some by izumi3682 in Futurology

[–]izumi3682[S] 1 point 17 days ago
Important point.
Russia, and more importantly, China and India, are rising fast and China can easily claim a tie. The picture is quickly changing, and if America's military leaders think they can dominate space technology and hence have power over all nations, they'd better think again. Those days are gone.
Me: Um, not India so much.
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A.I. and robotics will create almost 60 million more jobs than they destroy by 2022, report says by izumi3682 in Futurology

[–]izumi3682[S] 1 point 17 days ago
The US doesn't have 4 million truck drivers.
The American Trucking Associations estimates that there are 3.5 million truck drivers in the USA.Jul 27, 2018
In addition there are an estimated 3.8 million USA citizens in employ that is directly related to the human truck driver so the combination of human trucker plus essential ancillary vocations is aproximately 8 million.
Also, a 2% rise in unemployment won't cause society to collapse.
In 1932 the USA unemployment rate was nearly 25%. But 1932 was a far and away different world than the year 2018. In the most recent great recession the USA unemployment rate rose to 7% and it was world headlines and in the USA the damage was devastating to many demographics. As a result of this the American society is exquisitely sensitive to the reported unemployment rate. Plus USA society is well aware of the coming impact of ARA. There is nobody who doesn't know what is coming at this point.
So a two point rise in unemployment rates would be 6.1%. Because of what we know, it would set off alarm bells everywhere. I have written extensively, but I will not post a link today to those writings I don't think, about the difference between the industrial revolution and this revolution today. There is no time to change to new employment. Anyways no new employment will exist. This is coming for everyone. Oh, and the rising unemployment rate will not pause at 6.1% this time.
I agree that post-scarcity sounds like communism, but that's a bit specious. Post-scarcity, properly realized, is what should be the ultimate destiny for every single human on Earth. But one thing is that post-scarcity will not come to be until a critical threshold of unemployment is reached due to the development of ARA. And probably a negative income tax or some kind of UBI will cover the period of time from critical threshold to virtually universal unemployment.
But here is the crux of it all. Will post-scarcity truly usher in a new age of humans having all needs met to allow us the pinnacle of our hierarchy of needs? Self-actualization? Or will humans continue to be avaricious and not allow each and every human to meet his or her need of S-A. I hope that our AI in whatever form by then has the wisdom to make all of humanity happy. Because ARA is going to be doing 95% of human employ in less than 20 years. Even today Lawyers are on notice. And being a physician is going to be deskilled to the point that drs will be you plus the ARA. This is already happening as well.
China didn't have the capability to be "a state that dominates all others in every category (military, culture, economy)" 500 years ago.
Yes China did 500 years ago. Perhaps you are not familiar with this history.
China is an authoritarian state. It has been an authoritarian state for 2000 years. Nothing is going to upset China (PRC) or Chinese (PRC) stability. And the world had better get used to it. China has chosen to rise in the 21st century and will continue to rise until the ARA transcends it all. For better or worse.
ARA is AI, robotics and automation
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A.I. and robotics will create almost 60 million more jobs than they destroy by 2022, report says by izumi3682 in Futurology

[–]izumi3682[S] 1 point 17 days ago
Haha! You tell 'em mr longjumpers!
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Can Human Factors Make Self-Driving Cars Less Hazardous? by izumi3682 in Futurology

[–]izumi3682[S] 2 points 17 days ago
This kind of defeats the purpose of the level 5 autonomy E-SDV. The concept is no steering wheel, no accelerator, no brake. I fully understand the human concern with human interaction, but this article is, to me, representative of what I perceive as a very human inability to comprehend exactly what is actually transpiring.
And that is that humans will have no influence or intervening impact on the physical operation of the vehicle on the thoroughfare. That is what all the major automotive manufacturers are developing towards.
BMW is the latest that just today I have seen join this movement.
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Audi: Autonomous cars alone won’t solve traffic jams by izumi3682 in Futurology

[–]izumi3682[S] 1 point 17 days ago
I'm pretty sure that in addition to the AI intrinsic to the E-SDV, there will also be AI driven mapping, tracking and intervehicle communication. The trick is going to be standardizing all that to make a smooth flowing system. And that's probably going to take a good ten years.
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A.I. and robotics will create almost 60 million more jobs than they destroy by 2022, report says by izumi3682 in Futurology

[–]izumi3682[S] 7 points 18 days ago
I speak reasonably. I question everything. If time proves my silly statements to be false, I'll cross them bridges when I come to them.
I think everyone at some point fantasizes living forever. But the difference between me and Ponce de Leon, is that we now have some hard science and technology dedicated to just that sort of thing. Consider the science and technology of aging even ten years ago. There wasn't any. Aging was considered normal and natural. Certainly not a genetic pathology to be addressed and intervened with.
You seem very bitter. I don't know why. The future, barring horrific societal upheaval and a culling of humanity ten years from today, looks to be a wonderful place. And I think the bad outcome is maybe only 20 or 30 percent chance of happening. I am happy and freethinking.
This fellow said an interesting thing the other day, I thought worth repeating.
Fools act on imagination without knowledge, pedants act on knowledge without imagination. Read more at: https://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/alfred_north_whitehead_385914
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A.I. and robotics will create almost 60 million more jobs than they destroy by 2022, report says by izumi3682 in Futurology

[–]izumi3682[S] 2 points 18 days ago
My "agenda"
Keep an eye on China (PRC)
Keep an eye on ARA (AI, robotics and automation)
Keep an eye on USA society. I guess Europe too, but I'm only really concerned with my government.
Links to links to links is just me making more comments so I don't have to repeat myself ad infinitum. I never at any point claimed a given link to be a valid vetted source. Its just more stuff I thought at an earlier date, that might lend some insight or further explanation to what I have already written. I usually preface such a link with a statement like. "If you are still interested in what I think here is link with some things that are related or I said earlier."
What is astroturfing?
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A.I. and robotics will create almost 60 million more jobs than they destroy by 2022, report says by izumi3682 in Futurology

[–]izumi3682[S] 0 points 18 days ago
AI Gestapo. And we are making one. Not even on purpose. It is simply emerging from our ever increasing information and data collecting. What it will be used for is anyone's guess. And I don't know if we are out of the woods either. I have always maintained that a war over economics and resources is more likely than one over political beliefs.
Did you read the link I place in my update? This one?
I don't think I am alone in my fears of an authoritarian government emerging in the USA. And I believe we truly started on this road with 9/11. In addition there are demographic changes occurring in the USA which will coincide to make the white race in the USA a racial minority. The balance has apparently already tipped. I am not making a judgment about this. I am only reporting on what is happening and how it is impacting not only the USA, but the influence that the USA has on the world at large.
To me every single human being is a mind (and soul). What our physical appearance is like should never ever enter into what matters. But in the USA I see evidence that Trump is a sign that people with minds that hate are making themselves known.
I don't know how it is in Europe, but I see some evidence of new racisms against the African and ME immigrants too.
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A.I. and robotics will create almost 60 million more jobs than they destroy by 2022, report says by izumi3682 in Futurology

[–]izumi3682[S] 2 points 18 days ago
People will have to adjust, possibly by moving to a new industry in a new place, but we've accomplished it before.
I'm not fearmongering. I am just putting the news out there. And in any event you sound like the USA government. They hope to "retrain" 4 million truck drivers into doing coding or perhaps empathy advisers. This is ludicrous. The ARA is going to take everything. There is going to be no "sanctuary industry". We are not replacing human muscle this time. We are striving to replace the human mind.
I agree that UBI is silly. Post scarcity is the only answer.
I stand corrected on that. So "hyperpower". And yes, I do believe we are going to hand global hegemony to China (PRC) on a silver platter. But here is the thing that most people do not consider. China had the capability to be a hyperpower 500 years ago, but as a society it chose not to. So now we all act surprised when China so-called "suddenly" emerges from its self-imposed cloister and starts to bring a far larger presence to the world.
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A.I. and robotics will create almost 60 million more jobs than they destroy by 2022, report says by izumi3682 in Futurology

[–]izumi3682[S] 2 points 18 days ago
The TLDR is we know what is happening. We are not sure what to do about it. We hope "retraining" will help. The USA government dismisses UBI and post-scarcity out of hand.
ARA is AI, robotics and automation.
There it is. I put in context with some other things. Perhaps you did not read the full comment and overlooked it.
That seems to be what most of your argument is about. Did you know what the term AGI meant before you read my comment. Sometimes I assume, yes I know what "assume" is lol, that readers in this subreddit are already familiar with these terms.
BTW if you are interested I have a sort of overview about things with just massive tons of links to other things I've said in comments going back them five years lol! Since the year 2011 I have been utterly fascinated with the future in all aspects.
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A.I. and robotics will create almost 60 million more jobs than they destroy by 2022, report says by izumi3682 in Futurology

[–]izumi3682[S] 2 points 18 days ago
I'm not sure I follow you here. I explained ARA and if you are not familiar with AGI, it is "artificial general intelligence". The exact same kind of intelligence that got you from bed to the comment you made.
I'm a little smart, but more importantly, I'm observant. And I have been observing consistently and continuously for the last five years. Day by day. I see what is coming.
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Wayback Wednesday - Hockey in Africa

Hockey has thrived most in areas with long, cold winters; places where people needed to do... something outside to avoid frostbite.
When most hockey fans think of the game internationally, they think of the Olympics, or maybe the World Juniors or the World Championships. There, a similar group of teams from a similar group of countries play each other year after year. It's easy to think that hockey's only played in a few places.
Wrong. Hockey is growing globally, and it's growing fast.
One of the places where hockey is growing fastest is Africa. When you think of the stereotypes surrounding hockey – cold weather and rinks, expensive equipment, rich players and families - you don't think of Africa. That's fair.
Truth is, hockey's been played in Africa, in some way or another, since the 1930's. There have been professional leagues, games played in front of thousands of spectators, and even a few NHL players and prospects born on the continent.
Four NHL players were born in Africa – Chris Nielsen was born in Tanzania, Olaf Kolzig in South Africa, and both Rumun Ndur and Akim Aliu hail from Nigeria.
Players with roots in Congo-Brazzaville (the Impose brothers, Auguste and Aurelien), Eritrea (Oliver Kylington), Liberia (Clarence Kparghai), and Swaziland (Adrian Savelo Alvarstein) all play in Europe or in North America.
Today, I'm gonna try to take you through each country in Africa that currently plays, or may start playing soon. There aren't a lot, obviously, but there are more than you might think. We'll start with the first.


South Africa, as far as African hockey goes, is the motherland. The first hockey game on the continent was played in Johannesburg in 1935, on a temporary rink. A year later, the South African Ice Hockey Association was founded, and the first permanent ice rink in the country, the Wembley Ice Rink, was opened. South Africa joined the IIHF in 1937, and formed a national team, which played a senior team from Canada later that year.
The country's first star was Heinz Ball, a German-born player who moved to the country after WWII broke out. Heinz came to Jo-burg in 1936, and he was joined by his brother Rudi in 1948. If you're wondering, yes, these are the same Ball brothers who we wrote an article on back in the fall.
It took until 1961 for South Africa to play its first international game, played at the World Championships in Switzerland. South Africa played Yugoslavia, and... they got their butts kicked, 12-3. South Africa finished 19th out of 20, winning only one game in the tournament. Not a great start.
Meanwhile, back home, a semi-professional league was starting at the Wembley Ice Rink. The rink's owner, Hymie Sofer, started a small league that would play, every Tuesday night, at his arena. He teamed up with the SAIHA's head, Otto Hertz, a wealthy businessman related to the same Hertz family that people rent cars from today. Hertz was flush with money, and bankrolled the league.
With this new money, Sofer hired scouts and coaches, and set out to attract players from top European leagues. South Africa is south of the equator, and as such, has opposite seasons to the ones seen further north. Sofer and his group scheduled the season during the European off-season, and promised players decent pay, summer work, and a chance to stay in shape over the summer. Many players took up the offer.
The teams were named after the countries where most players came from; Canadians played on the Maple Leafs, the Swiss Bears were full of Swiss players, and players from the Austrian league suited up for Edelweiss. Other teams, like the Holiday Inns and the Hush Puppies, were named after sponsors.
Things went well for the league, until the world discovered the nasty side of South Africa – apartheid. Other countries stopped playing the South African national team, and many countries boycotted South Africa altogether. The country's currency, the rand, plummeted. Players previously attracted by quick money in the off-season went home. The league died on its feet.
Today, South Africa has the most advanced hockey infrastructure in Africa by a mile. They have a women's national team, founded in 1999, which is the highest ranked on the continent. The men's side now features players like Ashley and Gary Bock, a pair of goaltending brothers who are known for their titanic size, and players like Uthman Samaai, Wesley Krotz, Xander Botha, and Reelan Malgas, all of whom spent their winters playing in North America.
In South Africa now, there are three amateur hockey leagues, centered in Cape Town, Gauteng, and Durban. More than 20 teams take part, and there is a national championship set up where the winners of the three leagues face off for a national title.

NAMIBIA (1995)

Namibia is an odd case. You see, Namibia doesn't play ice hockey; the country doesn't have a rink. However, they have a very advanced inline hockey program.
Namibia has a domestic inline league set up, with teams like the Swakopmund Coastal Pirates, the Windhoek Lions, and the Otjiwarongo Scorpions. The Scorpions actually hold the world record for the longest inline hockey game ever played, going for 27 hours to raise money for the national program.
Final score: 316 to 291.
The Namibian national team plays tournaments around the world, and will attend the FIRS World Inline Championship in Italy this June.
However, despite their inline infrastructure, Namibia has no ice rinks. One may possibly open up on the site of a new shopping mall in the capital of Windhoek, but for now, there's nothing. However, some top team players, like Vincent Van Biljon and Riyaan Ely, have taken their game on ice in other countries, like South Africa or Australia.
They also know how to dress up, too. Which is nice.

ALGERIA (2006)

We're now taking a hike up north, to Algeria. The Algerian national team was started by players of Algerian descent playing in Europe. They were first formed in '06, and played their first organized international games in the IIHF's 2008 Arab Cup. The Arab Cup was intended to be an annual competition between Arab nations with teams; after 2008, the idea was abandoned.
The team played their first game against Kuwait, and got their first goal; scored by French-born Hakim Boukhaloua. They lost all five games they played, but the team's top scorer, Harond Litim, won tournament MVP.
Since the Arab Cup, the Algerian team has been in a sort of stasis. The national team has played a few exhibition games, including one against a lower-level French team which ended 8-8. The Algerians were paced by Francky Sadani, who scored five points, and Yassine Fahas, who had three assists.
Now, only two Algerian national players still play in France – Gael Benbekhti and Harond Litim. The team's main supporter, player and manager Karim Kerbouche, follows the team and it's players wherever they go, snapping photos and chronicling the team's story along the way.
They can't join the IIHF officially, since for many years, there were no ice rinks and no current domestic league. However, a rink has been built in Algiers, and another rink may be erected elsewhere soon. A league is set to start for next season, and some Algerian hockey players have received equipment donations from the NHLPA.
It doesn't seem too far-fetched to say that Algeria may soon be the IIHF's newest member.
And their jerseys are pretty damn sweet, too.

MOROCCO (2008)

Much like Algeria, Morocco's team was started around the time of the 2008 Arab Cup. The Moroccans finished in third place, in their international debut.
In Morocco, there are existing ice rinks, one in Rabat and another in Casablanca. The team featured some notable names, like Omar Ennaffati, a former Canadian pro player who would later play for Hungary internationally, and a few former major junior players, like Youseff Kabbaj.
The three people who helped start the team are a set of Canadian brothers, the Harrochs; Patrick, Eric, and Marc. All three were born in Quebec, and played some level of junior hockey. Marc even played in a training camp with the Rimouski Oceanic, where he played against Sidney Crosby. The team's leading scorer, Samir Bouchaoui, was born in Sweden and played several years in Sweden's second and third division leagues.
Junior teams still play in Morocco, even though there's not much news on the men's front. A national youth team has played tournaments against teams from Spain and France, and has a close relationship with FC Barcelona (yes, that FC Barcelona. They field a hockey team, too.)

TUNISIA (2009)

Another North African country with a fledgling program, Tunisia's team only played their first game in June 2014. The team was put together by Ihad Ayed, a French-born player who fell in love with the game at a young age.
Ayed spent five years scouting players from around the world, looking for players with Tunisian ancestry. After recruiting 25 players from several countries, the team met in Paris in 2014 for it's first game, against the second-tier Courbevoie Coqs.
The Tunisian team lost 6-5 in an entertaining debut, which featured Tunisian dancers on ice, a line brawl, and a ton of merch for the fans.
Most of the team's players were born and raised in France, but players on the team come from around the world. Mikael Lockner comes from Sweden; Vincent Elbaze, Nathan Bernier, and Adrien Sebag all play in France's second highest league; Scander Menasri, who scored the team's first goal, is German, and the team's coach, Vesa Surenkin, hails from Finland. The players have different backgrounds, but there's one common thread; all the players have Tunisian ancestry.

SOMALIA (2013)

Another weird case. Somalia doesn't play hockey; there's no rinks in Mogadishu. Somalia does, however, have a national bandy team.
Bandy, for those who don't know, is a mix between soccer and hockey, played on a soccer-pitch-sized rink, with 11 players per side and a ball instead of a puck.
Somalia's team began in 2013, when a Swedish bandy club in the town of Borlange formed a team for young Somalian immigrants. Formed by the head of the club as an “integration project”, one of his friends suggested creating a full-blown national team. The idea took off, and in 2013, the Somali Olympic Committee and the International Bandy Federation gave it the green light.
Before suiting up for their first game, the Swedish-led squad enlisted the help of Anwar Hared, a Canadian hockey player of Somali descent. Before receiving an invitation, he'd never played bandy before; now, he's the team's all-time leading scorer.
Somalia's team has taken place in three Bandy World Cups, and honestly, haven't done that well. They've gone 0-13, giving up 164 goals along the way. However, the players still love the game, and will be heading back next year for another tournament.


The world of Kenyan hockey is a very small one. The country only has one rink, at the Panari Hotel near Nairobi. The rink is only open for hockey for an hour a week, and it costs $7 US to play; not easy when the average Kenyan's monthly wage amounts to $75 US.
The players include both ex-pats and native Kenyans, and despite having shabby equipment, old nets, and no goalies – games are played using plastic penguin statues in net – the players keep turning out.
Kenyan hockey has gotten a little bit more exposure since a video showing the weekly game, produced by UK-based Hockey Tutorial, went viral last year. Since the video's release, equipment donations have begun, and the players even have new jerseys.
There's no discussion of a potential national team on the horizon, but if things someday change, there's already people interested in playing.


We'll finish things off with another country with no national team, Nigeria. Nigeria has produced more NHLers than any other African country, with both Akim Aliu and Rumun Ndur suiting up. Jarome Iginla's family immigrated to Canada from Nigeria not long before his birth, too.
Despite that, organized hockey hasn't ever become a big thing in Nigeria, mostly due to a lack of ice. Now, though, there is a permanent rink in Nigeria, in a shopping mall in Ikeja City, not far from the largest city, Lagos.
There have also been portable rinks set up around the country in the past, usually as a short-term gimmick.
I'll leave you with an image of one of those rinks, set up at the British Buckswood School north of Lagos. Check out the smiling guy over our buddy's shoulder.
Nigeria has a large ex-pat community, and an abundance of oil money. If there's one country where a team could begin soon, I'd bet on Nigeria.
submitted by SenorPantsbulge to hockey [link] [comments]

Everything Is Soaring As Trump Makes Buying Stuff Great Again

Who would have thought - as recently as two days ago - that a Trump presidency is the best thing for global risk? Certainly not Wall Street experts, all of whom warned of drops as big as 5% should Trump be elected.
And yet, the global repricing of inflation expectations continues at a feverish pace in the aftermath of the Trump victory, leading to another surge in US equity futures, up 15 points or 0.7% to 2175 at last check, with Asian and European stock market all jumping (Nikkei was up a whopping 6.7% after losing 4.6% the day before) after the initial shock of Donald Trump’s election victory gave way to optimism that his plans for fiscal stimulus will provide a boost to the global economy. Commodity metals soared with copper surging 4.5% to $5,658.50 a metric ton, the biggest gain since May 2013, while zinc advanced 2.1% and nickel added 2%. Gold climbed on speculation whether the Federal Reserve will raise interest rates in December.
The euphoria is largely due to the market's hopes of a burst in fiscal stimulus, aka much more debt, which while self-defeating in the long run, is providing a major boost to risk assets for the short-run, as it puts QE potentially back in the picture: after all _someone will be needed to monetize the US budget deficit_which is expected to once again soar under president Trump.
As Citi strategists note today, "The outcome of the U.S. election leaves the policy and macroeconomic outlook in the U.S. and globally with major uncertainties. Acknowledging these major uncertainties, we expect the new administration to pursue some deregulation, fiscal expansion, and reassess the costs and benefits of free trade. The combination of policies could be inflationary, quicken the path of Fed hikes and strengthen the dollar."
Indeed, as Bloomberg puts it, Donald Trump’s unlikely rise to power is providing a shot in the arm for global financial markets, with stocks and commodities rallying on optimism that his fiscal-stimulus plans will boost the global economy. European equities joined a global rally as they headed for their biggest four-day jump since July. Banks surged on prospects of lighter regulation for their U.S. operations and higher lending rates, and miners gained on increased metals prices. Copper rose the most in more than three years on Trump’s intention to expand infrastructure spending. Currencies of most commodity-producing nations advanced, while Bloomberg’s dollar index reversed losses. Government bonds in Europe and Asia slid as the inflation outlook lifted, while corporate-debt sales resumed in Europe as markets stabilized.

Those who saw S&P futures trade limit down on Wednesday morning will likely be stunned by the amazing U-turn in global markets since the shock win for Trump triggered a knee-jerk selloff in equities and rush into haven assets. European shares Wednesday staged their biggest turnaround since March as investors took comfort in his acceptance speech. They are starting to look beyond Trump’s campaign rhetoric, focusing instead on his promises to cut taxes and at least double Hilary Clinton’s estimated $275 billion, five-year plan for roads, airports and bridges.
The only asset conspicuously not participating in the global ramp was oil, which was little changed after three days of gains. The IEA said prices may retreat amid “relentless global supply growth” unless the OPEC enacts significant output cuts. West Texas Intermediate fell less than 0.1 percent to $45.25 a barrel and Brent was 0.8 percent higher at $46.71.
“It’s a relief rally of the certainty of the outcome of the election and after the conciliatory tone that Trump took,” said Nick Skiming, a fund manager at Jersey, Channel Islands-based Ashburton Ltd. His firm oversees $10 billion. “We know from Trump’s policies that he wants to reduce taxes and embark on fiscal spending and if he gets those approved, that will be expansionary for the U.S. economy in the short term.”
Europe's Stoxx 600 Index gained 1% as of 10:55 a.m. London time, with lenders reaching their highest levels since March. UBS Group AG soared 7.6%, set for its biggest surge since 2012. Among Trump’s policies were a pledge to repeal the Dodd-Frank Act’s strict capital requirements on banks and a proposed temporary moratorium on new financial regulations. Gains in commodities helped send a gauge of miners to its highest since June. French media company Vivendi SA jumped 10 percent, and Germany’s Siemens AG rose 4.7 percent after they posted profit that beat projections.
S&P 500 Index futures climbed 0.7 percent, indicating U.S. equities will extend their advance into a fourth day. Billionaire Carl Icahn said he left President-elect Trump’s victory party to bet about $1 billion on U.S. equities. The investor said that the economy still faces challenges but Trump will be “a positive, not a negative” for the country.
The MSCI Asia Pacific Index climbed 2.7 percent, the most since March. Japan’s Topix index jumped 5.8 percent, after sinking 4.6 percent in the last session, and Australia’s benchmark rallied by the most in five years. In Hong Kong, Jiangxi Copper Co., China’s second-largest producer by output, rose 14 percent. Russian aluminum maker United Co. Rusal Plc jumped by the most on record.
While the focus will remain on the unfolding political landscape, investors may also look to data on initial jobless claims and earnings from companies including Macy’s Inc. and Ralph Lauren Corp. for indications of the health of the world’s biggest economy.
But while stocks soared, it was a different story in bond markets: European debt fell after about $337 billion was wiped off bond markets on Wednesday as Trump’s election sparked concern that his plan to boost economic growth will lead to a surge in inflation. The yield on German 10-year bonds climbed seven basis points to to 0.27 percent, while that on similar-maturity U.K. gilts added seven basis points to 1.33 percent. Ten-year U.S. Treasury yields rose two basis points to 2.07 percent. The U.S. is selling $15 billion of 30-year Treasuries at an auction on Thursday. Bonds of that maturity led Wednesday’s selloff, with yields climbing 23 basis points.
“Trumpeconomics implies a likely faster pace of Fed rate hikes next year,” said Robert Rennie, head of financial markets strategy at Westpac Banking Corp. in Sydney. “It is clear that this wave of populist vote has reflected, in part, dislike of tight fiscal, easy monetary policy. If we are now seeing a shift in the U.S., then that means markets will have to reprice this.”
Odds for a Fed interest-rate hike in December climbed to 88 percent, based on U.S. overnight indexed swaps that trade 24 hours a day, after plunging below 50 percent while the outcome of the election unfolded. San Francisco Fed President John Williams said Wednesday that the argument for gradual interest-rate increases “still makes sense to me.”
Bulletin Headline Summary from RanSquawk
Market Snapshot
Global Headline News
Looking at regional markets, we start in Asia where the fallout from the 2016 Presidential Election results is still dictating the state of play in markets. Asian indices traded higher across the board benefiting from the bullish close on wall Street with the three majors closing the session at highs and in the Dow's case ATH's. The Nikkei 225 (+6.7%) lead the way higher, with financials outperforming as Donald Trump is seen as more friendly to the banking sector, given his previous commentary and his record of amassing a large property portfolio through debt. The Republican 'clean sweep' of House, Senate and President has also reassured global stock markets. Japanese Finance Minister Aso said he wants to avoid FX intervention and the government will not intervene in FX except in exceptional cases. PBoC set the CNY reference at 6.7885 (Prey. 6.7832) — the weakest setting since 2010 and injected CNY 80bIn in 7y and 14y reverse repos.
Asian Top News - Asian Shares Jump With Metals as Trump Reassessed; Kiwi Weakens: Stock gains led by raw-materials producers as copper jumps - McDermott Says RBNZ Worried About Kiwi, Will Cut Rates If Needed: “We have not reached the floor” on rates, assistant governor says - Mr. Yen Says Trump Victory Doesn’t Change Currency-Market Trend: Yen may strengthen to 90 per dollar within six months of Donald Trump’s election, Eisuke Sakakibara says - Tata Consultancy Says Ishaat Hussain Nominated As Chairman: Hussain shall hold office until new chairman is appointed - Modi May Reap $45 Billion Budget Boost With Anti-Graft Cash Ban: Edelweiss Securities predicts crack down on high-value currency notes will uncover 3t rupees in black money - Singapore Names Jho Low Person of Interest in 1MDB-Linked Probe: Country’s investigation into Low started in 2015 - Hyundai Merchant, Korea Line Submit Final Hanjin Asset Bids: preferred bidder to be picked on Nov. 14, court says
Likewise in Europe, Donald Trump continues to dictate price action across asset classes, with equities continuing to strengthen, as was seen in the second half of yesterday's trade. European bourses all trade higher this morning by over 1%, with material and financials leading the way higher benefitting from speculation regarding what a Trump presidency could entail, while utilities underperform in the wake of earnings reports from Engie and National Grid. Elsewhere, fixed income markets have seen European paper follow their US counterparts, with Bunds retaking the 161.00 handle to the upside as markets calm in the wake of yesterday's volatility. Analysts at Informa note that Spanish/Italian 10 year yields have climbed 3-4bps as the Renzi/EU row continues to escalate, amidst more animosity vs EC in campaigning ahead of the Dec 4 referendum.
Top European News
In commodities, industrial metals rose as Goldman Sachs Group Inc. said Trump’s promise to revive American infrastructure means commodities used to build everything from airports to bridges will benefit under his presidency. Copper surged 4.5 percent to $5,658.50 a metric ton, the biggest gain since May 2013, while zinc advanced 2.1 percent and nickel added 2 percent. Gold climbed as traders speculated on whether the Federal Reserve will raise interest rates when policy makers meet next month. Bullion rose 0.2 percent to $1,279.85 an ounce and silver gained 1.4 percent. Oil was little changed after three days of gains. The International Energy Agency said prices may retreat amid “relentless global supply growth” unless the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries enacts significant output cuts. West Texas Intermediate fell less than 0.1 percent to $45.25 a barrel and Brent was 0.8 percent higher at $46.71.
In currencies, the Bloomberg Dollar Spot Index reversed losses to advance 0.3 percent, after rallying 1.4 percent on Wednesday. Currencies of commodity-producing nations were the best performers in foreign-exchange markets, with Australia’s dollar surging 1.3 percent and Norway’s krone appreciating 0.6 percent. Russia’s ruble strengthened 0.5 percent, leading gains among currencies in developing economies as investors speculated Trump will mend ties with Moscow. That could improve the outlook for loosening sanctions imposed after Russia’s annexation of Crimea in 2014. “A Trump presidency is dollar bullish because Trump’s economic policies are inflationary and will force the Fed to raise the Funds rate at a faster pace than otherwise,” said Elias Haddad, a senior currency strategist at Commonwealth Bank of Australia. Mexico’s peso was 0.1 percent weaker after sinking 7.7 percent on Wednesday. Trump has pledged to renegotiate the North American Free Trade Agreement and curb illegal immigration by building a wall along the U.S.’s southern border. The yuan slipped to a six-year low amid concern Chinese exports will also suffer. Trump has called China a “grand master” at currency manipulation and has threatened tariffs of up to 45 percent on imports from the Asian nation, a step that Commonwealth Bank of Australia estimated would cut Chinese shipments to the the U.S. by 25 percent in the first year.
On today's calendar, one event worth highlighting though and which could be interesting now is the scheduled 30y Treasury auction this evening. In the midst of the hugely volatile moves yesterday, the 10y auction was reported as the weakest, based on the bid to cover ratio of 2.22, since March 2009. So it’ll be interesting to see how much demand there is for longer dated debt today. Away from that, the data docket today contains France wage data and IP this morning followed by initial jobless claims and the October Monthly Budget Statement across the pond this afternoon. The Fed’s Bullard and Lacker will also speak today.
US Event Calendar
DB's Jim Reid concludes the overnight wrap
To expand further on what I was discussing in yesterday's EMR after Trump and the Republican's clean electoral sweep, I must say that this is the most positive I've felt on the medium-term prospects for US growth for perhaps a decade. As a 'secular stagnationist' this is as much a relative and a nominal GDP story as it is an absolute and real GDP view but at least we'll likely to see a change in policy. Policy should now be skewed towards reflation at a fiscal level. However as a caveat the outcome is probably also potentially dangerous for growth as a Trump presidency has more risk of going spectacularly wrong than most others given his inconsistent approach to policy in the lead up to the election and his total lack of political experience. There was a great quote on Bloomberg last night from Sarah Binder - a political science professor at George Washington University - who said that "In every conversation I have about a President Trump there is an asterisk of unpredictability". This certainly rings true.
There are still some doubts as to whether he has his party fully behind him although the clean sweep may mean Republicans are happy to loosen the purse strings now they are in full control (and can get the credit) regardless of any doubts over Trump. The other problem with Trump are his international views (migration, trade) and we stand by our September long-term study view that Globalisation is going to be in full retreat over the years ahead which has longer-term global growth and stability risks. The link to "An Ever Changing World" where we articulated our view of the turn in the super cycle meaning higher yields, higher inflation, more fiscal spending and less globalisation is at the end of today's piece. Back to Trump, he also has non-economic policies that could be divisive if he follows through on his campaign rhetoric. So a leap into the unknown in some respects.
However if your view has been that constant monetary easing without support from fiscal policy was becoming counterproductive at a global level, then you have to take Trump and the Republicans seriously whatever your view(s) on him/them. I would stress that Trump will likely need the Fed over the years ahead though and he's not been their biggest fan. A persistent unfunded fiscal deficit could push yields up to levels that the debt ladened global economy would find overly negative. For expansionary fiscal policy to work in a world of heavy debt I do think you need a central bank willing or forced to buy government bonds. If not what's the incentive for the bond market to buy into an unfunded reflation boost. So we could see a strange situation in 2017 where the US is pursuing big expansionary fiscal policy but with no QE whereas Europe will continue to do big QE but without notable fiscal expansion. So yesterday's 20.2bp sell-off in 10 year Treasuries (a stunning 34.6bps from the Asian session lows) is one to watch and could be something the Republican's need to bare in mind if they go for broke on stimulus. What the Fed looks like in 18 months is also a big question. The Republicans and Trump have been very keen to clip their wings and the spectre of them becoming less independent - perhaps after Yellen's term ends in 2018 - must surely be a possibility.
Anyway we are writing our 2017 outlook at the moment and obviously this result is making us stress test our views for the next year or so. Any thoughts welcome from our readers on what this victory means. We reserve the right to change our mind on things by the time the outlook is out but this certainly shakes things up for 2017!
We discussed yesterday that we thought the result would initially bring risk-off followed by a reversal as the positive fiscal prospects would come into view. I'm not sure we thought such a turnaround would happen in hours rather than days or weeks but the low/high range yesterday was astonishing for a number of assets. Trump's conciliatory acceptance speech was probably the main catalyst. Let’s start with the aforementioned move for Treasuries where the high-to-low move was actually an incredible 37.4bps at the 10y and which took the yield back above 2% (closing at 2.057%) for the first time since January. That daily range is the highest since August 2011 although if we look at the magnitude of the selloff in percentage terms (10.91%) then it is actually the second highest with data going back to 1966. In another eye-watering stat, yesterday’s high to low range in basis points was 20bps more than the daily high-to-low range for the whole of the month of August. Volatility at its finest.
Staying with rates, the Treasury curve steepened aggressively with the 2y30y spread widening 19.5bps to 195bps with that one day move the biggest since 2011. The probability of a December Fed rate hike at one stage plummeted below 50% during Asia time before bouncing back and making an almost complete u-turn to close at 82%. In Europe the moves for sovereign bond markets, while still weaker, were slightly less spectacular. 10y Bund yields hit an intraday low of 0.090% in the early showing before closing at their highs in yield at around 0.200%. That was a 1.5bp move higher on the day, but a high-to-low range of 11bps.
Over in equity markets the incredible turnaround was more evident in the US futures market given Trump fears peaked early in the Asia session. Dow futures swung in a 1,172 point range after initially plummeting 867 points before then swinging to a 305 point gain. That’s the equivalent of a 6.82% high to low range. In the cash market the Dow closed up +1.40% after being down as much as half a percent initially. The high-to-low was 2.18%. The S&P 500 closed +1.11% with a high-to-low of 2.10% but this was -5% and limit down in Asian trading. Sector wise, the prospect of looser regulation meant financials (+4.07%) and healthcare (+3.43%) were the big outperformers. In fact, the Nasdaq Biotech index rallied +8.98% for its biggest once day gain since 2008. There’s going to be huge focus on the healthcare sector now given Trump’s vocal opposition of Obamacare and our US equity strategists are calling for +20% upside for the sector. Meanwhile the VIX tumbled just over 23% and back below 15, with a high-to-low range of 33%. Over in Europe the Stoxx 600 closed +1.46%, again however with a remarkable 3.91% range.
Credit was much the same. In the US CDX IG finished 1.3bps tighter on the day but in a near 6bp range. HY was even more impressive with the CDX HY spread 5bps tighter by the close but the high-to-low a spectacular 28bps. In Europe indices ended little changed with Main swinging in a 5bps range Xover swinging in a 20bp range.
The other markets to highlight were commodities and currencies. Gold, having smashed through $1300/oz and trading as high as +4.73% early on, closed just +0.18% but with a range of 5.45%. WTI Oil finished +0.64% but in Dollar terms swung in a $3/bbl range. Finally in currency markets the standout was the Mexican Peso which at one stage was -13.37% weaker, before paring losses to ‘just’ -8.30%. The Swiss Franc finished -0.67% weaker with a range of a little over 3% while the Yen was -0.48% on the day in a range nearing 5%.
So if that hasn’t caused your eyes to bulge just yet, then this morning we’re seeing a similar rebound across markets in Asia. The Nikkei (+5.86%) has more than recovered Wednesday’s losses while the Hang Seng (+1.92%), Shanghai Comp (+1.14%), Kospi (+1.70%) and ASX (+2.81%) have all surged back. Credit markets have made a similar turnaround while US equity index futures are little changed in the early going. In commodity markets the surge in metals has stood out with Copper, Zinc and Aluminium up between 3% and 5%. Iron ore is also above $70/tn for the first time since April. Needless to say miners have had a very strong morning. The infrastructure story is kicking in. Elsewhere the San Francisco Fed’s Williams opined overnight that a gradual rate of rate increases still makes sense, a view that is unchanged post election.
Meanwhile, away from the market moves, the remaining newsflow has been largely consigned to watching the political response globally. With trade negotiations at the forefront of debate now, Canada Ambassador David MacNaughton said that Canada is willing to entertain reopening the NAFTA agreement to potential changes should the President-elect want to. The Ambassador also suggested that he expects bilateral trade between the two countries to remain strong. Meanwhile Mexico President Enrique Pena Nieto said that ‘this election opens a new chapter in relations between Mexico and the US that will imply a change, a challenge but also a big opportunity’.
Unsurprisingly though it was the global populist movements that rejoiced in Trump’s victory. In France the leader of the right-wing National Front party, Marine Le Pen, said that ‘French people who hold this freedom so dearly will find an extra reason to break with a system that shackles them’. The founder of the populist 5SM in Italy also highlighted similarities between the result and movements in Italy. Austrian Freedom Party leader Heinz-Christian Strache was similarly jubilant while Russia President Putin said that ‘Russia is ready and wants to restore fully fledged relations with the US’ and that ‘this would serve the interests of the Russian and American peoples, as well as positively impacting the general climate in international affairs’.
Wrapping up yesterday, it would be an understatement to say that the data played second fiddle yesterday but for completeness, in the US we learned that wholesale inventories rose a slightly less than expected +0.1% mom (vs.+0.2% expected) in September. Wholesale trade sales also rose less than expected (+0.2% mom vs. +0.5% expected) while the Atlanta Fed held their Q4 GDP forecast at 3.1% following that data. In Europe the Bank of France business sentiment reading for October was unchanged at 99. Finally in the UK the trade balance widened further in September. The European Commission also released their latest economic forecasts, cutting Euro area growth expectations to 1.5% in 2017 from the earlier 1.8% forecast.
So while today’s diary does contain some economic reports, the likelihood is that markets will continue to respond to the Election result. One event worth highlighting though and which could be interesting now is the scheduled 30y Treasury auction this evening. In the midst of the hugely volatile moves yesterday, the 10y auction was reported as the weakest, based on the bid to cover ratio of 2.22, since March 2009. So it’ll be interesting to see how much demand there is for longer dated debt today. Away from that, the data docket today contains France wage data and IP this morning followed by initial jobless claims and the October Monthly Budget Statement across the pond this afternoon. The Fed’s Bullard and Lacker will also speak today.
from http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-11-10/everything-soaring-trump-makes-buying-stuff-great-again
submitted by rotoreuters to zerohedge [link] [comments]

The Shroud of Meo Samba

Taken from the notes and patient files of Dr Simon Kearns, a psychologist working for Bourkeley Institution in Australia.
These handwritten letters were stored in a manila folder, with a subtitle and the patient name Imani Adebowale. There is no date recorded on the patient file.
I am currently examining a patient who emigrated from Mali. Parents fled to Australia from the insurgency in the Maghreb, evidently some trauma from his past causing a resurgence of PTSD which has manifested into a complex delusional narrative. This is one of those rare cases where you are almost awestruck by the ingenuity of the patient’s mental processes, and come to reflect on what a shame it is, that such an engine could’ve perhaps excelled at creative writing or applied art, had it been given the opportunity.
Instead the poor boy is an incommunicable wreck, so paralysed by his complex self mythology he has failed his studies, and become a welfare dependent and recluse, only occasional escaping his isolation to foray into gang violence or crime.
I am not the boys caseworker, but a colleague asked me to examine him in order to provide my professional opinion on the best method of treatment.
I began sessions with Imani on a Tuesday, in the stark light of Ward 24b. He is a very shy young man, who covers his face with his enormous hands when he feels vulnerable. He has a very dark, ashy coloured skin, marred by pink scars up his left arm, and on his face.
The scars seemed like a natural place to begin investigation of any deeper issues of trauma. I thought it more advantageous to begin building a rapport, and sparked up a Marlboro cigarette. Then offered the pack to Imani. His bulging eyeballs had a slightly yellowish tint, and his deep brown irises were filled with pain and sorrow. Nonetheless, he came to attention, and seized the cigarette from my hand, then cusped his hands dramatically, in prayer for the lend of a lighter.
‘I bet you are sick of being interrogated in dull, white cubicles.’ I remarked, blowing smoke and handing Imani the lighter. The second advantage the cigarette presented in Imani’s case was that it forced his left hand into occupancy, meaning he could not withdraw and cover his face, as he was want to do. The cigarette had forced him to engage in direct conversation. ‘You white peoples want all this to be dull, in cubicles as you say.’ Imani replied abruptly. ‘That’s not quite what I meant,’ I replied, ‘Imani, Can you tell me how you got those scars?’
Imani raised his fists up again, almost blocking his face except to turn slightly in the chair, pushing his arms away to avoid the smoke going in his eyes. Almost facing his back to me, Imani muttered in an effeminate and breathless whisper, holding back tears; ‘Bad man.’
I could see that building communication was not going to be easy, and decided to try another avenue of inquiry.
I begun to ask Imani about his previous sessions in the hospital and what his opinions were of the other doctors. This indeed triggered a more in depth response. Imani began by expressing his perceived flaws in the way the hospital was run, and aspects of the staff behaviour he didn’t like. He criticised Doctor Westinson, saying she was a stuck up bitch who thought she knew a whole lot about Africa, when in fact she ‘didn’t know shit’. He called Dr Amar a racist, old pervert who was screwing around with the patient’s medication, (he seemed to be particularly paranoid about this avenue of his authority complex). Nonetheless, eventually I was able to get him back on the track of his patient sessions. After telling me how useless the sessions were, and how nobody believed the truth even when he told it, I managed to convince him that this was different— that I WAS interested in learning the truth, at which point, after much coaxing, Imani divulged his entire delusional framework to me.
Imani’s beliefs are extraordinarily complicated, and nuanced.
Ultimately, his delusions centre around a kind of self re-empowerment. Perhaps being targeted by frequent racial abuse as an immigrant caused him to create these mythologies, in order to enhance his sense of cultural pride, and negate the inferiority complex the bullying had instilled in him.
Imani’s paranoia stems primarily from his belief in a fictional world, which he calls “Olokon”. Doing some research on the name, it etymologically can be traced to an African Ocean deity, this suggests his complex comes from an external stimuli; either Imani reading wikipedia about African religions, or watching a documentary, something which may have triggered such beliefs.
Imani explained in his own words, that Olokon is an Ancient African nation—- hidden by a veil, which he attributes to Ancient forces which humans in the past have referred to as God, but he attributes to something he calls ‘Meo Samba’. Riffing on scientific theories of the multiverse, Imani falsely asserts that dozens of parallel dimensions have to exist mathematically according to Quantum physics. Therefore, in Imani’s mind, the Olokon nation was forged via an alternate history to the events taught in our history books. Back in the time of the Punic Wars, the great African civilisation of Carthage played out to a different tune under the rule of Hannibal. In Imani’s version of history at least, the triumphant Carthage defeated the Ancient Roman Empire, drastically altering the future of Europe, and the world, and making Africa the dominant continent during the foundations of human civilisation.
Certain aspects of Imani’s story show a high level of intelligence, and display some research of the topics within his odd world view. I conducted my own research, in order to grasp threads of the young boys thinking.
I found myself breaking out in goose pimples when doing my own research of Carthage, discovering that the historical figures Imani discussed in his rants were not entirely fictional. Whilst detailing what I had assumed to be an invented history of the great African city, Imani had mentioned Hanno the Navigator, who turns out to be a real historical figure.
Hanno the Navigator, was a Carthaginian explorer from around the sixth century BC, known for his naval exploration of the West coast of Africa. In Imani’s fictional world view, Hanno was aggrandised as more of a Columbus figure, discovering the known world for the first time.
Some of Imani’s ideas did cause paranoid introspection. At one point, Imani conflated the ‘Mandella Effect’ with his theory of alternate dimensions. For those who haven’t heard of this syndrome, the Mandella Effect is a term used to describe the common 21st century sentiment of the feeling when things people remember ...are not exactly as they remember them, and is named for the popular false memory that Nelson Mandela died in jail, when he in fact lived for many years after his imprisonment. Imani believed that Nelson Mandella DID die in jail in an alternate dimension in this pan-African nation and that the phenomenon of memory alterations had to do with peoples perceptions on this alternate plane of existence.
I was very familiar with the Mandella effect, and had in fact written a psychological paper on the matter. I had my own theory that the delusion was linked to the more conventionally known experience, the French coined ‘Jamais Vu’, the antithesis of Deja Vu. In my essay, I outlined these experiences of memory crisis were extremely common, and could show trends in society. From statistics, I could prove that cultures which displayed a high frequency of Dejavu were often very forward thinking cultures which had science fiction and media dealing with the future, where Jamais Vu seemed to occur in patient’s living in a nostalgic, or past oriented society who perhaps lacked fiction which satisfactorily dealt with issues concerning the future. This seems to be where the Mandella effect was also coming from. It was all tied to the psychology of anxiety, and the fears associated with social turmoil.
In Imani’s case, I think he had just watched too many you tube videos about the phenomenon on social media. In fact, I came round to the idea that his entire delusional framework may have originated from this trigger. I began to probe Imani more about his social media habits, at which point we became engaged in a robust debate about identity politics and contemporary social media norms. Imani was very familiar with various alternative media personalities, and seemed to have engaged with a diverse group of extremist political ideologies. He had apparently delved deep into the ‘alt right’ movement, listening to videos ranging from the Neo Nazi Richard Spencer to the occult videos of Styxenhammer 666. From them he had learned of the concept of the ‘ethno state’ which he seemed to have incorporated into his ideology involving this black civilisation. These white supremacists were apparently not his strangest source either, subscribing to other Ancient civilisation pseudo scientific theories, like those of Graeme Hancock. He also had sparked an interest in the psychology of Carl Jung and the notion of ‘archetypes’ by watching the controversial psychologist Jordan Peterson. This had probably aided the expansion of his worldview to encompass the ‘collective unconscious’ or ‘multiverse’ theory, and belief in the so called ‘veil of reality’.
My own view on Peterson was that his use of psychology to engage in direct self help was dangerous, and as for the other characters Imani was absorbing, from David Icke, to Alex Jones, Milo Yiannopolous, and the Black Truth movement -I believed that they were creating a dangerous and toxic environment for his mental playground, and no doubt contributed to his psychosis.
Imani continued to passionately debate the scientific discovery of Cheddar man, the controversy surrounding the movie ‘Black Panther’ and the gamergate style backlash to the game Wolfenstein II. In Imani’s mind, these developments all pointed to portals and pathways in the changing dynamics of the collective unconscious worlds of modernity—other dimensions bubbling over into our society. The friction between black and white culture was all attributed to the existence of this hidden Olokon civilisation.
At home, in the eerie silence of my study, I replayed the Adebowale interview back on my laptop, comparing Imani’s explanation of the origin of Olokon with historical fact. There were discrepancies, of course. Many historians asserted that Hanno’s explorations did not get much further than the coast of Morocco. However, Imani had the Ancient African explorer travelling quite extensively, all around the coasts of Europe and Africa, before Carthage’s rise to become the dominant civilisation in the Mediterranean region.
One account of Imani’s which was absolutely verifiable centred on Hanno’s voyage around the coast of Libya. An historic source of this period exists in the form of a Greek periplus, which was a translation of a tablet that Hanno had allegedly hung up in the temple of Ba’al Hammon. The first of these manuscripts can still be studied on the web portal of Heidelberg University.
I found the account verified precisely Imani’s version of events. The tablet centres on one of one of Hanno’s voyages, when he found an island populated with what he described as ‘hirsute and savage people’ who were worshipping a large volcano, this fiery cavern supposedly housed their local deity. Hanno’s soldiers were unable to capture the hairy men, but managed to kill three of them and take their skins. These skins, according to Pliny the Elder, remained in a Carthaginian temple until the city’s destruction by Rome in 146 BC.
The only thing which differed in the accounts from Imani’s story, (other than the fall of the Roman Empire) was that Imani had these hirsute creatures discovered by Hanno worshipping the force called ‘Meo Samba’ —something powerful and ancient, emanating from the wild and active volcano, and the fires of outer space. The hirsute beings were termed the ‘Gorillae’ by Pliny the Elder, a term which was, of course, the name which American missionary Thomas Savage and naturalist Jeffries Wyman used when they named the gorilla species. Indeed, Hanno’s own words surrounding the discovery of the hirsute beings, aped Imani’s version of events precisely;
“In its inmost recess was an island similar to that formerly described, which contained in like manner a lake with another island, inhabited by a rude description of people who worshipped a volcano. The females were much more numerous than the males, and had rough skins: our interpreters called them Gorillae. We pursued but could take none of the males; they all escaped to the top of precipices, which they mounted with ease, and threw down stones; we took three of the females, but they made such violent struggles, biting and tearing their captors, that we killed them, and stripped off the skins, which we carried to Carthage: being out of provisions we could go no further.”
Imani claims that he has seen these very skins, in a museum in Olokon, the fictional city of his imagination. He describes a futuristic world, of silver architecture and high tech skyscrapers. He claims to have wondered dreamlike through the futuristic space, when stumbling upon the old museum. But at the museum— the inscription supposedly laid bare in these skins—claimed that Rome never actually defeated Carthage, and accordingly was where Imani learned his entire alternate history of the civilisation of Olokon. After conquering the Mediterranean, the Africans began to conquer the rest of Africa under the leadership of Mebus the Great. Over time, this pan-African civilisation developed strong religious institutions comparable to Ancient Rome, being pantheistic, accumulating power by uniting various tribes and integrating their gods into the National Pantheon, of which Meo Samba was apparently one such deity. Then there was the age of the great Black Pharoahs, who ruled with might and cunning, an industrious Eurafrica. Finally, sometime during the Middle Ages, Olokon supposedly began to expand its borders, engaging in Naval exploration and conquering most of Eastern Europe, then eventually discovering the Americas, conquering the Aztecs, most of Asia, Australia and finally settling it's colonial capital in Maori New Zealand.
Imani’s details were so fascinating and complex, detailing the fates of various regions of our age; claiming that the whites in Scandinavia had remained scattered and tribal in a kind of chaotic distopia. Whilst the rest of Europe, under Olokon rule, had somehow survived in a semi multi-cultural state, with paler skinned humans generally oppressed and dominated by black supremacy. In this other reality, black dominance had subjugated and had white slaves being traded around the world. Whilst paler human beings fought to be recognised, in this alternate reality, it was privileged black men complaining about political correctness, and fighting off accusations of racism and discrimination as globalisation occurred.
I found Imani’s delusions so indescribably perfect, and yet so utterly sad. It seemed so obvious that his damaged soul had created these fabrications in order to bring a light to the bleak world, to overturn his oppressors in his imagination, and create a world where the balance of power was reversed.
As I played back the video of that day’s interview on my laptop, an ageing white psychologist and a traumatised young black man, encompassed by a cube of white walls, I began to accumulate an altered sense of bias. As was usual, insecurity about my interview methods came, and I wondered if I had used the best approach that day.
At this point in the interview, where I was watching, I had tried to probe more about this alternate world, and how and when Imani believed he was transported there. I was hoping to catch unspoken triggers between the patient’s fantasy world and the real one.
Imani preferred the word ‘transported’ to teleported, but he was very distracted in explaining his transition, slipping into another fantasy about some sort of creature that had been following him around the City South around the time of his psychosis.
In the end, with it all laid out, it seems I should have been more patient with Imani, rather than trying to hurry him to the point. The story about the creature following him did turn out to be the preface to his entry to the imaginary Olokon Civilsation.
Imani said he had been walking on the South Bank of Hexton, towards Moonsmoth in 2015, and was about to cross Kings Road, on Republic Street, when he realised this creature was following him. He said it was very pale looking, and ran on all fours like a dog, slipping hidden through an environment of ‘zebra like shadows hanging from the trees, streetlights and terraces’. Then he had heard a kind of growling noise behind him, beyond the veil of darkness. At this point, struck with a kind of terror, Imani said he had begun to run, Westward, crossing Kings Road and running towards the darkness. Then his description becomes a little more psychotic and confusing. He says he felt a kind of ‘red hotness’ as he ran across the road, as though he was being attacked by myriad unseen fists. He had barely managed to make it across the asphalt evading the antagonistic force he had perceived struggling against him. When he had reached the dark side, he had looked back in search of the creature in pursuit, but had seen nothing. Then had turned to walk on. Which is when Imani describes tripping on a tree root, and falling into what he describes as a ‘lake’ filled with black water or ‘tar’. Obviously all of these events were products of Imani’s psychotic brain, but the story did become fascinating then.
Whilst laying in the black pool, Imani says his eyes stung, and he felt an extra slit open up in the middle of his forehead. Then, feeling a nauseous sense of gravity, flipped, he had a vision of an immense being standing before him. He described it as an enormous black giant, with a head like a leaopard, and a mask concealing space itself. Vast darkness and infinity seemed to ooze from the things head. In its hands it held a tall staff made of stars and skulls. It’s back was lined with dorsal fins, black condor wings—-and it’s red eyes and ‘breathless madness, like a dingo’ terrified Imani. The thing bellowed, its voice like a ‘Star-scream’ resonating through his bones.
Then, Imani made the most poetic of all of his descriptions. I can’t help but feel that Wordsworth, or Keats or even Ezra Pound would have appreciated his majestic broken melody. He said; ‘The Great Beast then rose up, like a weeping song over the funeral pyre of mankind, rising backwards, endlessly into the black void of space. Meo Samba, the god of the Endarkenment stretched out his Lion-like muscles, tearing stars, and ripping back the veil. It was Meo Samba, and he drew back the shroud between the two worlds. Therein did I see the death of the World, and that for which the crucified wept in vain.’
Imani had gone on to describe what happened when he crossed the threshold and went to this other dimension. But as I was watching the video I became so emotionally exhausted, I resolved to embark upon my usual night stroll, get some fresh air and a clear head before sleeping.
Now enters the strange boiling over of the patient’s paranoia into my own life. It is not infrequent that a psychologist is prone to take on the burden of his subjects pain. I have often been so swept up in the delusional mythos of schizophrenic personalities, that for a short while shared fears have blossomed in my mind, and played out in the form of negative hallucination.
As circumstance would have it, the location which Imani had ascribed to the place of his psychotic episode was not far from where I lived in suburban Moonsmoth. It was a ten minute walk down to Kings Road, and generally this was not a large margin out of the way I usually went for my night walks. Exactly what compelled me to go to the place where Imani said he had fell into the black tar, I can’t precisely say. Except that I was drawn by an almost mesmeric attraction to see the location of his description with my own eyes.
It was an eerie dusk, and as the last of the sun fell over the clouds, light hit the weathered church spire on Republic Street. There was a vortex of leaves, blowing upon the darkened road, and it seemed to rise up like a tornado, in tune with a gust of turbulence thrusting through the ominous rain clouds in the sky above. It seemed as though some dark aberrant energy was attempting to break free of the earth’s atmosphere and take off into the blackness of space. Dusk settled, and an array of stars glimmered across the sky.
The first odd occurrence happened when I passed the gates of Lynch gardens, on Valthirst Street, down towards Kings Road. I was by no means a regular to the park, but when I saw the leering statue at the corner, it immediately struck me that I had never noticed it before.
It was a robust statue, in a classical colonial pose. Slightly weathered with a beautiful sheen of green patina. I found myself intrigued in who the figure might be and approached it curiously, gazing up at it, like a Japanese tourist.
Imagine my bewilderment and numinous terror when I gazed upon the decorated figure, of African appearance, his head adorned in a vibrant felt crown, robes falling from his body and a decorative staff in his right hand. Then with trepidation and alarm my eyes scanned and absorbed the crude letters inscribed upon the bronzed plate; ‘Hanno the Navigator’. Bedevilled, I had to recalibrate just to confirm the impossible was true. But here it was, a synchronistic coincidence enough to drive a doctor as mad as his patients.
Of course, after dizzying perplexion my rational mind at last came to my rescue. The Moonsmoth community was constantly enacting favourable additions to the city scape in aid of Black History month. Surely this was the explanation for the statue, and though coincidental, it had merely never come to my attention before. A moment of serendipity in the curious, perhaps not always entirely chance driven machine of the universe.
I carried on my journey in the dark, trying to erase the strange conspiracy from my mind. But paranoia had gripped my feeble brain, and I now begun to imagine other auditory haunts. There seemed to be a strange sound, rustling in the trees behind me. Yet whenever I turned to look back upon the path, I saw only darkness.
The sensation continued to plague me, yet nothing malevolent ever eventuated. Finally I came to the junction at Kings Road, and the hysteria began to dissipate. The more absurd aspects of Imani’s story returned to the forefront of my mind, as I surveyed the scene where Imani had alleged himself to fall into a puddle of tar. It was clear even from my perspective, that there was no such thing across the intersection. There was merely the tree lined arcade, and towering traffic lights, connected by twisted wires. I calmed, and pressed the passenger button, until the walking man flashed up upon the lights of the intersection.
Now, it would be only a liar’s heart within me if I denied that something else struck me as I walked across that intersection. For there was a dizzying electric noise, which seemed to come from all around. I imagined it to be some kind of electrical fault in the cables, however the strange heat which came over me as I crossed the road felt so wholly alien and unusual that it can scarce be put into words. It was as though I was crossing an invisible fiery sea, and the electrodes in my brain were interacting with the electric heat from outside. My neurons appeared to be firing and pulsing inside my head, so that my thoughts themselves took tangible and visceral shape. My skull began to throb, and I was only saved from this experience by a sudden rustling in the tree tops above. Yet as I reached the safety of the other side of the intersection, everything became completely still and meditatively silent.
But then, I was again taken by surprise with an eerie sense of Jamais Vu. For the surrounds of the intersection were not what I had remembered at all. I couldn’t remember the last time I had been down here, yet I was positive the modernist architecture was entirely unfamiliar. The buildings looming above me were created with a strange, futuristic style, made of a shiny, metallic black and blue that glowed in the moonlight. These steel gargoyles and monstrous statues that stared from the roof were like none I had ever seen.
It had been as I was distracted by this strange architecture that the shadow had leapt from my periphery and scaled across the powerline like a monkey. I had barely enough time to see the silhouette of the thing before it jumped down into a culdesac and disappeared behind an odd looking building which was simultaneously curious and unfamiliar.
In a heightened state of terror, I wasn’t sure wether to investigate the alley way the strange animal had entered, or to absorb the bizzare building in front of it. It appeared to be a kind of temple, covered in hanging vines. Around the roof top, many foreign deities that resembled Hindu or Aztec cultures lined the roof, and Ancient Egyptian and Chinese paintings of mythological scenes adorned the walls.
Once more I was distracted by a clattering noise and growling from around the dark corner of the building. With dread and irrational compulsion I found myself drawing ever close to the edge, strafing the wall until my head was just in line with the cavity that I could peer through into the dark dead end.
What I saw there, it’s frightful image still gives me feverish nightmares.
The thing, which was perched upon all fours, like a dog, had knocked over a trash can, and was savaging a raw piece of meat with its jaws. It almost defied the rational mind, with its rat-like body, thin and malnourished, yet inescapably human biology. The rat’s tail which fell from the end of its behind made pure mockery of its abhorrent face, which, though disfigured and deformed, could only be described as the head of an albino, Caucasian man. It’s deep red eyes stared intently, and it pivoted to attention as it spotted me and begun to snarl and growl a low vibrating tone.
I frosted, stuck in an instant of incalculable horror. The beastly thing dropped its raw meat, and began to pace forward like an aggressive hound.
What followed then could only be deemed miraculous. As the thing leapt towards me, grazing my arm with its razor sharp teeth, I fell backwards. I felt it’s jaws seize my leg, and in a flustered blur of sensation, I stared down at my trembling hands, which were both covered in deep red stains, my own blood.
I must have passed out, except that the whole thing was some alarming nightmare. Yet, when I awoke, I was not in my own house. Instead, I found myself propped up with soft cushions on an unfamiliar couch in an antique furnitured living room.
I could see that my legs and arms had been bandaged in black cloth, and I had evidently been asleep for some time, for the antique clock shaped like the Egyptian God Horus displayed the time as 11:20 pm. I gazed around the strange room, seeing religious paraphernalia, funereal tables and mythological paintings. It was only by some of the engravings on the wall with the windows that I finally deduced that I must have been inside the strange temple.
There was a book case by the far wall, filled with very old looking texts and slates that seemed to be almost ancient given their faded colouring and archaicness.
I almost shot up in a startled state, when the strange dark-skinned man appeared from the nearby doorway. He was immensely tall, and muscular, and wore a bizarre multicoloured headdress. Yet, his face was strangely enchanting or friendly, familiar even. He carried with him a tray, upon which sat an expensive looking Turkish tea set. When the man spoke, he spoke in a thick Nigerian accent, placing a fancy glass of tea beside me; ‘You must rest. Please, take some tea. You are safe here, and you may sleep until morning.’ I dropped a sugar cube in the tea, and nursing my arms —took a sip of the hot, sweet liquid. It was indeed refreshing and somewhat soothing. ‘Where am I?’ I found the nerve to stutter.
‘You collapsed outside, you seem to have been attacked by a wild dog. There are a few of them around Moonsmoth, and attacks are rare. But they do happen.’ ‘Excuse me,’ I asked, still utterly confused, ‘But where exactly is this place?’
‘This is the temple of the Heralds of the Gentle Darkness. You probably have not heard of us, but we are a recognised religion in this country, although we have only a small percentage of the population who are followers. You can take one of our pamphlets, or feel free to browse our religious literature, but it is my advice that you should catch some much needed rest before you return home tomorrow.’
The man’s stern voice was almost hypnotising, that I uncharacteristically found that I so dearly wanted to surrender to his will entirely, and do whatever he said. ‘Yes’ I replied, ‘Thankyou so much for rescuing me. Please advise where I can donate to your charitable organisation.’ The man with a gentle face like burnt almond smiled, and walked towards the door. ‘It is no problem. You will find bed clothes in the cabinet beside the spare mattress, now I’m afraid I have a mass to attend in the morning and I must depart to slumber, myself.’ ‘Thanks again. I am eternally in your debt.’
As the man closed the door, I actually found myself strangely relaxed. There was something about the room which reminded me of childhood, or sleepovers at grandmas house. I pulled the blankets over my shoulders, then slipping across the cold wooden floorboards in my socks, I examined most curiously the books upon the book shelf.
There were many strange books, there upon, with ornate typographical details, and gold and many coloured bindings. I began to read through some of the titles, unsure what to make of them; ‘The Three Books of the Art’, ‘The Wisdom of the pyramid builders’, ‘The Lontars of the Vultures’, ‘The forgotten Cities’ ‘The Book of Loki’. Then I noticed a thick black tome, with intricate gold trimmings, it was titled ‘The Shroud of Meo Samba’, and given its seeming relevancy I pulled the book from the shelf and slunk back to the comfort of the couch.
As I opened the yellowing pages, a bookmark slid out, and planted itself upon my lap. Examining the folded piece of card, I discovered it was one of the pamphlets advertising the temple. Titled ‘Temple of the Heralds of Gentle Darkness’ the pamphlet laid out the origins of the strange group, tracing them to America. The group was supposedly started by members of a group called the Nuwaubians who had immigrated from the United States.
As it happened, I had heard of the Nuwaubians, as they had been quite prominent in the news a decade or so ago. The media had dubbed the group a cult, and the Nuwaubians' leader was sentenced to life in prison, however as far as I knew the group continued to this day with a group of core members.
I remember the scandal quite distinctly, and doing my own research at the time.
The group had started, I believe, with a bookstore in Brooklyn called ‘All Eyes on Egipt’ which was decorated to look like an Egyptian temple, covered in Hieroglyphics and gold imagery.
The bookstore supposedly contained a collection of books which put forward the Nuwaubian philosophy. A ‘Nuwaubian’ being a member of the Nuwaubian Nation of Moors, who had their own complete set of scriptures and beliefs. Started and run by one Dr Malachi York, the Nuwaubians own L.Ron Hubbard, who authored the majority of texts himself— essentially were a kind of black ethno-nationalist group with their own unique mythology. The group was born from a Muslim separatist group in the 1970’s, but changed their names from ‘the Ansaaru Allah Community’ to the ‘Nuwaubian Nation of Moors’ in the early 1990s. During the last decade of the Millenium, the group began to believe in bizarre extra terrestrial origin stories for humanity. They believed that the evolution of man from ape, was different for the black and white races, essentially coming from different alien DNA systems.
In 1993, under the cult leadership of Malachi York, the Nuwaubians group moved, creating ‘Tama-Re’ a compound resembling an Ancient Egyptian temple in Georgia, which had a towering Pyramid and Sphinx marking the site.
After the Sherrif of the local county began receiving anonymous calls and letters claiming York was molesting children, the FBI raided the 500 acre compound in 2003 arresting York and shutting the cult down. The Pamphlet unapologetically suggested that a small group highly faithful to the original objectives and UFO creationist mythology moved out to Australia to begin anew as the ‘Heralds of Gentle Darkness’ building temples in Sydney, Melbourne, Perth, and Hexton cities.
Highly intrigued, I now began to thumb through the literature titled ‘The Shroud of Meo Samba’, which I presumed had to be the group’s own scriptural text. If what I had found was what it seemed to be, I may have solved the entire mystery of my patient’s delusion. It now seemed quite probable that Imani had picked up his illness from hanging around this temple, absorbing their literature and feeding off the group’s insanity. This would explain all his stories about hanging around Kings Road, and the flights of fancy which caused his psychosis. The first few pages of the book were written in unknown pictographs, but by about the fifth page they held a heavy handwriting, the text read as follows;
‘It is now well known, that human origin and civilisation descends from Africa. The Nile Valley was the intellectual, spiritual, educational, and industrial center for the ancient world. The areas of science, medicine, mathematics, engineering, parenting, architecture, philosophy, religion, public works projects, distribution, preparing food and so many other human activity areas were created there and were distributed throughout the world from African origins. African ancestors created spirituality and religion with the launch of the Mystery system, 6,112 years ago. They created over 2000 Gods and Goddesses, the first such in the world, with twelve principal deities that included the God Ausar, Goddess Auset, Goddess Ma'at and God Heru, and the great master of time and space —Meo Samba. All praise to Meo Samba and may the mystery religions, the brotherhood of the darkness, and the masters of the dark light forever protect his shroud.
Ethiopians known as Chaldeans, after colonizing what later became Mesopotamia 6,012 years ago, fashioned the Persian religion from the Mystery System. Moses, a Nubian and the incestuous child of Pharaoh Seti I who adopted Akhnatons' monotheistic version of the Mystery System to give the Hebrews Kabbalah as they migrated in 1230 BCE, after 400 years sojourn in Egypt, in search of their 'Promised' land.
Prince Siddhartha Gautama, known as Buddha, a Dravidian (Ethiopian), was born around 563 BCE among the Sakya people. He gave India Buddhism.They pioneered civilization and we are proud of them all. The blood of Ausar, Auset, Imhotep, Chaka, Nzingha, Nehenda, Prempeh, Toure, Hannibal, Shadd, Tubman, Kuzwayo, Albertina, Martin Luther King, Malcolm X and Mandela runs in our veins. Praise Meo Samba, the great master of the Shroud, and the closer of the way. For he allows that the path be so wide and that we may trek off into the vast abyss of space. He is the first one, who mankind saw in truth above him, and who marked upon his brow the curse of Cain.’
I had to close the book at this point, for I found the preaching rather nauseous. However this indeed seemed to prove this group was indeed propagating the ideas of African superiority, and no doubt was the source of Imani’s delusional framework.
I went to sleep soundly, feeling quite assured that I had gained enough insight into the patient, so that I could advise my colleague of the best way to act. In the morning, I awoke quite early, and embarked to leave fairly rapidly, feeling much more insecure in the group, who now appeared assuredly to me as some kind of cult.
Nonetheless, I did owe the man some gratitude for bandaging me and giving me a place to rest, so I left a healthy gratuity before slipping out.
Work passed on as usual for the next month or so, and I carried on as caseworker with my own clients. Something had been troubling my mind, however, and I couldn’t help thinking over and over again back to that terrible sight I had though I’d seen in the alleyway beside the cult temple.
Strange articles showing up in the Hexton Herald describing vicious wild dog attacks and other violent murders in the South end had both relieved and startled me.
I recalled strange illustrations in the old tome which looked distinctly like the hallucination I had experienced. Pale skinned, dog like mammals, walking on all fours. I had only briefly scanned the text surrounding these images, but it appeared to be a kind of pseudo-scientific genealogy. An abhorrent description of a species of white man who had bred with dogs, or ‘large arctic frogs’, and something called “Flugelrods," which the Nuwaubians claimed were an Ancient race of vegetable like things who gave birth to the white human species. These beings supposedly lived in a cavern beneath the Arctic. The pages also included denigrating descriptions of white people, describing how the proof that their early woman mated with jackals was still evident in their biology, as shown by their remnants of a tail bone.
I tried to brush these horrid details from my mind, but strange nightmares continued to plague me, of these pale creatures— swarming through the sewer system, feeding on rodents and sewer fish.
Finally, something snapped inside me, and I had to see Imani one more time. I had to ask him about the strange vision of the creature. Had it really just been a wild dog that attacked me?
I organised one final quick private interview with my friend. Imani was restrained as usual, and seemed to have almost entirely forgotten who I was.
I tried to get him to open up to me, telling him I knew about Olokon, and Meo Samba, and the cult who ran the temple of the Heralds of the Gentle Dark. Imani absorbed it but continued to mistrust me.
Finally, I couldn’t restrain myself. I had to ask Imani about the pale jackal who had attacked me. Had to know why when the full moon glowed, that terrible heat came over my body. Why at night I had these feverish sweats, and pains in my liver. Why I kept dreaming of those insidious things, staring into my soul, and howling like the mad.
Imani smiled for the first time since I had known him. A cold, callous smile, but coming from a place of trauma rather than malice.
‘Oh doctor.’ He said, ‘You really don’t see it do you? They are the fallen of Olokon, and they must run from the daylight, cursed by god to hide in the sewers and eat the scraps that trickle down. That were-jackal must have followed me back.’
Now Imani burst into a fit of catatonic laughter, his big teeth glowing with clownish sadness.
‘Doctor. Don’t you see? You really don’t? That is what had happened to the white man in the other realm, that is your ancestors own devolved state. It is your inevitable future. I tell you as one, this is just the most minor of the horrible truths which lie beyond our reality, that which we are too small and insignificant to comprehend. That which lies behind the shroud would scarce drive us utterly insane. There is nought to do but pray for mercy, oh Meo Samba be praised, for yours is the dark glory, and come to thine eye the blissful dream of endarkenment!’
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